POTASSIUM CHLORIDE solution

Potassium Chloride by

Drug Labeling and Warnings

Potassium Chloride by is a Prescription medication manufactured, distributed, or labeled by American Health Packaging. Drug facts, warnings, and ingredients follow.

Drug Details [pdf]

  • 1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    Potassium chloride is indicated for the treatment and prophylaxis of hypokalemia in patients for whom dietary management with potassium-rich foods or diuretic dose reduction are insufficient.

  • 2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    2.1 Administration and Monitoring

    Monitoring
    Monitor serum potassium and adjust dosages accordingly. For treatment of hypokalemia, monitor potassium levels daily or more often depending on the severity of hypokalemia until they return to normal. Monitor potassium levels monthly to biannually for maintenance or prophylaxis.

    The treatment of potassium depletion, particularly in the presence of cardiac disease, renal disease, or acidosis requires careful attention to acid-base balance, volume status, electrolytes, including magnesium, sodium, chloride, phosphate, and calcium, electrocardiograms and the clinical status of the patient. Correct volume status, acid-base balance and electrolyte deficits as appropriate.

    Administration
    Dilute the potassium chloride solution with at least 4 ounces of cold water [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

    Take with meals or immediately after eating.

    If serum potassium concentration is less than 2.5 mEq/L, use intravenous potassium instead of oral supplementation.

    2.2 Adult Dosing

    Treatment of hypokalemia:
    Daily dose range from 40 to 100 mEq. Give in 2 to 5 divided doses: limit doses to 40 mEq per dose. The total daily dose should not exceed 200 mEq in a 24 hour period.

    Maintenance or Prophylaxis:
    Typical dose is 20 mEq per day. Individualize dose based upon serum potassium levels.

    Studies support the use of potassium replacement in digitalis toxicity. When alkalosis is present, normokalemia and hyperkalemia may obscure a total potassium deficit. The advisability of use of potassium replacement in the setting of hyperkalemia is uncertain.

    2.3 Pediatric Dosing

    Treatment of hypokalemia:
    Pediatric patients aged birth to 16 years old: The initial dose is 2 to 4 mEq/kg/day in divided doses; do not exceed as a single dose 1 mEq/kg or 40 mEq, whichever is lower; maximum daily doses should not exceed 100 mEq. If deficits are severe or ongoing losses are great, consider intravenous therapy.

    Maintenance or Prophylaxis
    Pediatric patients aged birth to 16 years old: Typical dose is 1 mEq/kg/day. Do not exceed 3 mEq/kg/day.

  • 3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    Oral Solution 10%: 1.3 mEq potassium per mL.
    Oral Solution 20%: 2.6 mEq potassium per mL.

  • 4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

    Potassium chloride is contraindicated in patients on potassium sparing diuretics.

  • 5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    5.1 Gastrointestinal Irritation

    May cause gastrointestinal irritation if administered un-diluted. Increased dilution of the solution and taking with meals may reduce gastrointestinal irritation [see Dosage and Administration (2.1)].

  • 6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

    The most common adverse reactions to oral potassium salts are nausea, vomiting, flatulence, abdominal pain/discomfort, and diarrhea.

  • 7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

    7.1 Potassium-Sparing Diuretics

    Use with potassium-sparing diuretic can produce severe hyperkalemia. Avoid concomitant use.

    7.2 Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors

    Use with angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors produces potassium retention by inhibiting aldosterone production. Potassium supplements should be given to patients receiving ACE inhibitors only with close monitoring.

    7.3 Angiotensin Receptor Blockers

    Use with angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) produces potassium retention by inhibiting aldosterone production. Potassium supplements should be given to patients receiving ARBs only with close monitoring.

  • 8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    8.1 Pregnancy

    Pregnancy Category C
    Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with potassium chloride. It is unlikely that potassium supplementation that does not lead to hyperkalemia would have an adverse effect on the fetus or would affect reproductive capacity.

    8.2 Nursing Mothers

    The normal potassium ion content of human milk is about 13 mEq per liter. Since oral potassium becomes part of the body potassium pool, so long as body potassium is not excessive, the contribution of potassium chloride supplementation should have little or no effect on the level in human milk.

    8.3 Pediatric Use

    The safety and effectiveness of potassium chloride have been demonstrated in children with diarrhea and malnutrition from birth to 16 years.

    8.4 Geriatric Use

    Clinical studies of potassium chloride did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.

    This drug is known to be substantially excreted by the kidney, and the risk of toxic reactions to this drug may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selection, and it may be useful to monitor renal function.

  • 10 OVERDOSAGE

    10.1 Symptoms

    The administration of oral potassium salts to persons with normal excretory mechanisms for potassium rarely causes serious hyperkalemia. However, if excretory mechanisms are impaired or if potassium is administered too rapidly potentially fatal hyperkalemia can result.

    Hyperkalemia is usually asymptomatic and may be manifested only by an increased serum potassium concentration (6.5 to 8.0 mEq/L) and characteristic electrocardiographic changes (peaking of T-waves, loss of P-waves, depression of S-T segment, and prolongation of the QT-interval). Late manifestations include muscle paralysis and cardiovascular collapse from cardiac arrest (9 to 12 mEq/L).

    10.2 Treatment

    Treatment measures for hyperkalemia include the following:

    1. Monitor closely for arrhythmias and electrolyte changes.
    2. Eliminate foods and medications containing potassium and of any agents with potassium-sparing properties such as potassium-sparing diuretics, ARBS, ACE inhibitors, NSAIDS, certain nutritional supplements and many others.
    3. Administer intravenous calcium gluconate if the patient is at no risk or low risk of developing digitalis toxicity.
    4. Administer intravenously 300 to 500 mL/hr of 10% dextrose solution containing 10 to 20 units of crystalline insulin per 1000 mL.
    5. Correct acidosis, if present, with intravenous sodium bicarbonate.
    6. Use exchange resins, hemodialysis, or peritoneal dialysis.

    In patients who have been stabilized on digitalis, too rapid a lowering of the serum potassium concentration can produce digitalis toxicity.

  • 11 DESCRIPTION

    Potassium chloride, USP is a white granular powder. It is freely soluble in water and insoluble in alcohol. Chemically, potassium chloride, USP is K-Cl with a molecular mass of 74.55.

    Oral Solution 10%: Each 15 mL of solution contains 1.5 g of potassium chloride, USP and the following inactive ingredients: citric acid anhydrous, FD&C Yellow #6, glycerin, methylparaben, natural/artificial orange flavor, propylene glycol, propylparaben, purified water, sodium citrate, sucralose.

    Oral Solution 20%: Each 15 mL of solution contains 3 g of potassium chloride, USP and the following inactive ingredients: citric acid anhydrous, FD&C Yellow #6, glycerin, methylparaben, natural/artificial orange flavor, propylene glycol, propylparaben, purified water, sodium citrate, sucralose.

  • 12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    12.1 Mechanism of Action

    The potassium ion (K +) is the principal intracellular cation of most body tissues. Potassium ions participate in a number of essential physiological processes including the maintenance of intracellular tonicity; the transmission of nerve impulses; the contraction of cardiac, skeletal, and smooth muscle; and the maintenance of normal renal function.

    The intracellular concentration of potassium is approximately 150 to 160 mEq per liter. The normal adult plasma concentration is 3.5 to 5 mEq per liter. An active ion transport system maintains this gradient across the plasma membrane.

    Potassium is a normal dietary constituent, and under steady-state conditions the amount of potassium absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract is equal to the amount excreted in the urine. The usual dietary intake of potassium is 50 to 100 mEq per day.

    12.3 Pharmacokinetics

    Based on published literature, the rate of absorption and urinary excretion of potassium from KCl oral solution were higher during the first few hours after dosing relative to modified release KCl products. The bioavailability of potassium, as measured by the cumulative urinary excretion of K + over a 24 hour post dose period, is similar for KCl solution and modified release products.

  • 16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

    Potassium chloride oral solution, USP, 10% (20 mEq per 15 mL) is supplied as a clear, orange colored solution having an orange flavor and odor, and is available as follows:

    15 mL unit dose cups (20 mEq per 15 mL):
    30 cups (3 x 10) NDC: 60687-341-58
    40 cups (4 x 10) NDC: 60687-341-64
    50 cups (5 x 10) NDC: 60687-341-71
    80 cups (8 x 10) NDC: 60687-341-07

    30 mL unit dose cups (40 mEq per 30 mL):
    40 cups (4 x 10) NDC: 60687-341-14
    50 cups (5 x 10) NDC: 60687-341-72

    Storage
    Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F); excursions permitted between 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].

    PROTECT from LIGHT.

    Rx only

    DO NOT USE IF SEAL IS BROKEN.

  • PACKAGING INFORMATION

    American Health Packaging unit dose cups (see How Supplied section) contain drug product from Amneal Pharmaceuticals LLC as follows:
    (20 mEq per 15 mL / 30 UD) NDC: 60687-341-58 packaged from NDC: 69238-1459
    (20 mEq per 15 mL / 40 UD) NDC: 60687-341-64 packaged from NDC: 69238-1459
    (20 mEq per 15 mL / 50 UD) NDC: 60687-341-71 packaged from NDC: 69238-1459
    (20 mEq per 15 mL / 80 UD) NDC: 60687-341-07 packaged from NDC: 69238-1459
    (40 mEq per 30 mL / 40 UD) NDC: 60687-341-14 packaged from NDC: 69238-1459
    (40 mEq per 30 mL / 50 UD) NDC: 60687-341-72 packaged from NDC: 69238-1459

    Distributed by:
    American Health Packaging
    Columbus, OH 43217

    8434171/1218F

  • Package/Label Display Panel - Tray

    Potassium Chloride Oral Solution Tray Label

    Potassium Chloride
    Oral Solution, USP

    Rx Only

    FOR INSTITUTIONAL USE ONLY

    Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F); excursions
    permitted between 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [see
    USP Controlled Room Temperature].
    Protect from light.

    8434171/1218F

  • Package/Label Display Panel – Cup – 20 mEq per 15 mL – 15 mL

    20 mEq-15 mL Potassium Chloride Oral Solution Cup Lid

    Rx Only

    NDC 60687- 341-44

    Potassium Chloride
    Oral Solution USP, 10%

    20 mEq per 15 mL
    Delivers 15 mL

    DILUTE PRIOR TO ADMINISTRATION

    See package insert for full prescribing
    information and storage.

    For Institutional Use Only.

    American Health Packaging
    Columbus, OH 43217

  • Package/Label Display Panel – Cup – 20 mEq per 15 mL – 30 mL

    40 mEq-30 mL Potassium Chloride Oral Solution Cup Lid

    Rx Only

    NDC 60687- 341-45

    Potassium Chloride
    Oral Solution USP, 10%

    40 mEq per 30 mL
    (20 mEq per 15 mL)
    Delivers 30 mL

    DILUTE PRIOR TO ADMINISTRATION

    See package insert for full prescribing
    information and storage.

    For Institutional Use Only.

    American Health Packaging
    Columbus, OH 43217

  • INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
    POTASSIUM CHLORIDE 
    potassium chloride solution
    Product Information
    Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUGItem Code (Source)NDC: 60687-341(NDC:69238-1459)
    Route of AdministrationORAL
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
    POTASSIUM CHLORIDE (UNII: 660YQ98I10) (POTASSIUM CATION - UNII:295O53K152) POTASSIUM CHLORIDE1.5 g  in 15 mL
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient NameStrength
    ANHYDROUS CITRIC ACID (UNII: XF417D3PSL)  
    FD&C YELLOW NO. 6 (UNII: H77VEI93A8)  
    GLYCERIN (UNII: PDC6A3C0OX)  
    METHYLPARABEN (UNII: A2I8C7HI9T)  
    PROPYLENE GLYCOL (UNII: 6DC9Q167V3)  
    PROPYLPARABEN (UNII: Z8IX2SC1OH)  
    WATER (UNII: 059QF0KO0R)  
    SODIUM CITRATE, UNSPECIFIED FORM (UNII: 1Q73Q2JULR)  
    SUCRALOSE (UNII: 96K6UQ3ZD4)  
    Product Characteristics
    Colororange (clear, orange) Score    
    ShapeSize
    FlavorORANGEImprint Code
    Contains    
    Packaging
    #Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    1NDC: 60687-341-583 in 1 CASE01/15/2019
    1NDC: 60687-341-5010 in 1 TRAY
    1NDC: 60687-341-4415 mL in 1 CUP, UNIT-DOSE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    2NDC: 60687-341-644 in 1 CASE01/15/2019
    2NDC: 60687-341-5010 in 1 TRAY
    2NDC: 60687-341-4415 mL in 1 CUP, UNIT-DOSE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    3NDC: 60687-341-715 in 1 CASE09/01/2018
    3NDC: 60687-341-5010 in 1 TRAY
    3NDC: 60687-341-4415 mL in 1 CUP, UNIT-DOSE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    4NDC: 60687-341-078 in 1 CASE01/15/2019
    4NDC: 60687-341-5010 in 1 TRAY
    4NDC: 60687-341-4415 mL in 1 CUP, UNIT-DOSE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    5NDC: 60687-341-144 in 1 CASE01/15/2019
    5NDC: 60687-341-5110 in 1 TRAY
    5NDC: 60687-341-4530 mL in 1 CUP, UNIT-DOSE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    6NDC: 60687-341-725 in 1 CASE09/01/2018
    6NDC: 60687-341-5110 in 1 TRAY
    6NDC: 60687-341-4530 mL in 1 CUP, UNIT-DOSE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    Marketing Information
    Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    ANDAANDA21004109/01/2018
    Labeler - American Health Packaging (929561009)
    Establishment
    NameAddressID/FEIBusiness Operations
    American Health Packaging929561009repack(60687-341)

  • © 2020 FDA.report
    This site is not affiliated with or endorsed by the FDA.