LANTHANUM CARBONATE tablet, chewable

Lanthanum Carbonate by

Drug Labeling and Warnings

Lanthanum Carbonate by is a Prescription medication manufactured, distributed, or labeled by Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Inc. , NATCO PHARMA LIMITED. Drug facts, warnings, and ingredients follow.

Drug Details [pdf]

  • 1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    Lanthanum carbonate chewable tablet is a phosphate binder indicated to reduce serum phosphate in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD).
    Management of elevated serum phosphorus levels in end stage renal disease patients usually includes all of the following: reduction in dietary intake of phosphate, removal of phosphate by dialysis and reduction of intestinal phosphate absorption with phosphate binders.

  • 2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    Divide the total daily dose of lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets and take with or immediately after meals. The recommended initial total daily dose of lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets is 1500 mg. Titrate the dose every 2 to 3 weeks until an acceptable serum phosphate level is reached. Monitor serum phosphate levels as needed during dose titration and on a regular basis thereafter.

    In clinical studies of ESRD patients, lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets doses up to 4500 mg were evaluated. Most patients required a total daily dose between 1500 mg and 3000 mg to reduce plasma phosphate levels to less than 6.0 mg/dL. Doses were generally titrated in increments of 750 mg/day.

    Information for lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets

    Chew or crush lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets completely before swallowing. Do not swallow intact lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets.

    Information for lanthanum carbonate oral powder

    Sprinkle lanthanum carbonate oral powder on a small quantity of applesauce or other similar food and consume immediately. Do not open until ready to use. Do not store lanthanum carbonate oral powder for future use once mixed with food. As lanthanum carbonate oral powder is insoluble, do not attempt to dissolve in liquid for administration.

    Consider using the oral powder formulation in patients with poor dentition or who have difficulty chewing tablets.

  • 3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    Lanthanum Carbonate Chewable Tablets: 500 mg, 750 mg, and 1000 mg.

  • 4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

    Contraindicated in bowel obstruction, including ileus and fecal impaction.

  • 5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    5.1 Gastrointestinal Adverse Effects

    Serious cases of gastrointestinal obstruction, ileus, subileus, gastrointestinal perforation and fecal impaction have been reported in patients taking lanthanum, some requiring surgery or hospitalization. Consider discontinuing lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets in patients without another explanation for severe gastrointestinal symptoms.
    Risk factors for gastrointestinal obstruction and gastrointestinal perforation identified from post-marketing reports in patients taking lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets include altered gastrointestinal anatomy (e.g., diverticular disease, peritonitis, history of gastrointestinal surgery, gastrointestinal cancer, gastrointestinal ulceration), hypomotility disorders (e.g., constipation, ileus, subileus, diabetic gastroparesis), and the use of medications known to potentiate these effects. Some cases were reported in patients with no history of gastrointestinal disease.

    Patients with acute peptic ulcer, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease or bowel obstruction were not included in lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets clinical studies [see Contraindications (4)].
     

    Advise patients who are prescribed lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets to chew the tablet completely and not to swallow them whole. Serious gastrointestinal complications have been reported in association with unchewed or incompletely chewed tablets [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)].

    5.2 Diagnostic Tests

    Lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets have radio-opaque properties and therefore may give the appearance typical of an imaging agent during abdominal X-ray procedures.

  • 6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

    The following adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the labeling:

    Overall, the safety profile of lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets have been studied in over 5200 subjects in completed clinical trials. The most common adverse reactions for lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets were gastrointestinal events, such as nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain and they generally abated over time with continued dosing.

    6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

    Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

    In double-blind, placebo-controlled studies where a total of 180 and 95 ESRD patients were randomized to lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets and placebo, respectively, for 4 to 6 weeks of treatment, the most common reactions that were more frequent (≥5% difference) in the lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets group were nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain (Table 1).

    Table 1: Adverse Reactions* That Were More Common on Lanthanum Carbonate Chewable
    Tablets in Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind Studies With Treatment Periods of 4 to 6 Weeks
     



    * expressed as the event rate for each term
     
    Lanthanum Carbonate Chewable Tablets
    %
    (N=180)
    Placebo
    %
    (N=95)
    Nausea
    11
    5
    Vomiting
    9
    4
    Abdominal pain
    5
    0

    In an open-label long-term 2 year extension study in 93 patients who had transitioned from other studies, resulting in a total of up to 6 years treatment, mean baseline values and changes in transaminases were similar to those observed in the earlier comparative studies, with little change during treatment. 


    The safety of lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets was studied in two long-term, open-labeled clinical trials, which included 1215 patients treated with lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets and 944 with alternative therapy. Fourteen percent (14%) of lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets treated patients discontinued treatment due to adverse events. Gastrointestinal adverse reactions, such as nausea, diarrhea and vomiting were the most common types of event leading to discontinuation.
     
    In pooled active comparator controlled clinical trials, hypocalcemia was noted with an incidence of approximately 5% in both lanthanum and active comparator groups. A nonclinical study and a phase 1 study have shown reduced absorption of calcium in the intestine with lanthanum carbonate treatment.

    In a crossover study in 72 healthy individuals comparing lanthanum chewable tablets to lanthanum oral powder gastrointestinal adverse reactions such as nausea, diarrhea and vomiting were more common for the oral powder formulation (18%) than for the chewable tablets (7%).

    6.2 Postmarketing Experience

    The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure: constipation, intestinal perforation, intestinal obstruction, ileus, subileus, dyspepsia, allergic skin reactions, hypophosphatemia, and tooth injury while chewing the tablet.

  • 7 DRUG INTERACTIONS


    Lanthanum in lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets has the potential to bind to drugs with anionic (e.g., carboxyl, carbonyl and hydroxyl) groups. Lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets may decrease the bioavailability of tetracyclines or fluoroquinolones via this mechanism.
     

    There are no empirical data on avoiding drug interactions between lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets and most concomitant oral drugs. For oral medications where a reduction in the bioavailability of that medication would have a clinically significant effect on its safety or efficacy, consider separation of the timing of the administration of the two drugs. The duration of separation depends upon the absorption characteristics of the medication concomitantly administered, such as the time to reach peak systemic levels and whether the drug is an immediate release or an extended release product. Consider monitoring clinical responses or blood levels of concomitant medications that have a narrow therapeutic range.

    7.1 Drugs Binding to Antacids

    There is a potential for lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets to interact with compounds which bind to cationic antacids (i.e., aluminum-, magnesium-, or calcium-based). Therefore, do not administer such compounds within 2 hours of dosing with lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets. Examples of relevant classes of compounds where antacids have been demonstrated to reduce bioavailability include antibiotics (such as quinolones, ampicillin and tetracyclines), thyroid hormones, ACE-inhibitors, statin lipid regulators and anti-malarials.

    7.2 Quinolone Antibiotics


    Co-administration of lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets with quinolone antibiotics may reduce the extent of their absorption. The bioavailability of oral ciprofloxacin was decreased by approximately 50% when taken with lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets in a single dose study in healthy volunteers. Administer oral quinolone antibiotics at least 1 hour before or 4 hours after lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets. When oral quinolones are given for short courses, consider eliminating the doses of lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets that would be normally scheduled near the time of quinolone intake to improve quinolone absorption [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

    7.3 Levothyroxine

    The bioavailability of levothyroxine was decreased by approximately 40% when taken together with lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets. Administer thyroid hormone replacement therapy at least 2 hours before or 2 hours after dosing with lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets and monitor thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels [see Clinical Pharmacology(12.3)].

  • 8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    8.1 Pregnancy

    Pregnancy Category C.  No adequate and well-controlled studies have been conducted in pregnant women. The effect of lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets on the absorption of vitamins and other nutrients has not been studied in pregnant women. Lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets are not recommended for use during pregnancy. 

    Studies in pregnant rabbits showed that oral administration of lanthanum carbonate at 1500 mg/kg/day (5 times the maximum recommended daily human dose (MRHD) of 5725 mg, on a mg/m2 basis, assuming a 60 kg patient) was associated with increased post-implantation loss, reduced fetal weights, and delayed fetal ossification [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.3)].

    8.2 Labor and Delivery

    No lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets treatment-related effects on labor and delivery were seen in animal studies. The effects of lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets on labor and delivery in humans is unknown.

    8.3 Nursing Mothers

    It is not known whether lanthanum carbonate is excreted in human milk. As many drugs are excreted in human milk, consider the possibility of infant exposure when lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets are administered to a nursing woman.

    8.4 Pediatric Use

    The safety and efficacy of lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets in pediatric patients have not been established. While growth abnormalities were not identified in long-term animal studies, lanthanum was deposited into developing bone including growth plate. The consequences of such deposition in developing bone in pediatric patients are unknown. Therefore, the use of lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets in this population is not recommended.

    8.5 Geriatric Use


    Of the total number of patients in clinical studies of lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets, 32% (538) were ≥65, while 9.3% (159) were ≥75. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between patients ≥65 years of age and younger patients.

  • 10 OVERDOSAGE

    The symptoms associated with overdose are adverse reactions such as headache, nausea and vomiting. In clinical trials in healthy adults, GI symptoms were reported with daily doses up to 6000 mg/day of lanthanum carbonate administered with food. Given the topical activity of lanthanum in the gut, and the excretion in feces of the majority of the dose, supportive therapy is recommended for overdosage. Lanthanum carbonate was not acutely toxic in animals by the oral route. No deaths and no adverse effects occurred in mice, rats or dogs after single oral doses of 2000 mg/kg (1.7, 3.4, and 11.3 times the MRHD, respectively, on a mg/m2 basis).

  • 11 DESCRIPTION

    Lanthanum carbonate chewable tablet contains lanthanum carbonate dihydrate with molecular formula La2(CO3)3 .2H2O and molecular weight 457.8 (anhydrous mass). Lanthanum carbonate is described as white to off-white powder.  Lanthanum carbonate is soluble in dilute hydrochloric acid and practically insoluble in water.

    Each lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets, white to off-white,  chewable tablet contains lanthanum carbonate dihydrate equivalent to 500, 750 or 1000 mg of elemental lanthanum and the following inactive ingredients: colloidal silicon dioxide, dextrates, hydroxy propyl cellulose, magnesium stearate and talc.


    structure

  • 12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    12.1 Mechanism of Action

    Lanthanum carbonate chewable tablet is a phosphate binder that reduces absorption of phosphate by forming insoluble lanthanum phosphate complexes that pass through the gastrointestinal (GI) tract unabsorbed. Both serum phosphate and calcium phosphate product are reduced as a consequence of the reduced dietary phosphate absorption.

    12.2 Pharmacodynamics


    In vitro studies have shown that lanthanum binds phosphate in the physiologically relevant pH range of 3 to 7. In simulated gastric fluid, lanthanum binds approximately 97% of the available phosphate at pH 3 to 5 and 67% at pH 7, when lanthanum is present in a two-fold molar excess to phosphate. Bile acids have not been shown to affect the phosphate binding affinity of lanthanum. In order to bind dietary phosphate, lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets must be administered with or immediately after meals.

    In five Phase I pharmacodynamic studies comparing the reduction from baseline of urinary phosphorus excretion in healthy volunteers (N=143 taking lanthanum carbonate), it was shown that the mean intestinal phosphate binding capacity of lanthanum ranged from 235 to 468 mg phosphorus/day when lanthanum was administered at a dose of 3 g per day with food. By comparison, in one study with an untreated control group (n=10) and another study with a placebo group (n=3), the corresponding mean changes from baseline were 3 mg phosphorus/day and 87 mg phosphorus/day, respectively.

    In healthy subjects lanthanum carbonate oral powder was found to  be similar to lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets, based on urinary phosphate excretion.

    12.3 Pharmacokinetics

    Absorption and Distribution -Following single or multiple dose oral administration of lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets to healthy subjects, the concentration of lanthanum in plasma was very low (bioavailability <0.002%). Following oral administration in patients, the mean lanthanum Cmax was 1.0 ng/mL. During long-term administration (52 weeks) in ESRD patients, the mean lanthanum concentration in plasma was approximately 0.6 ng/mL. There was minimal increase in plasma lanthanum concentrations with increasing doses within the therapeutic dose range. The timing of food intake relative to lanthanum administration (during and 30 minutes after food intake) has a negligible effect on the systemic level of lanthanum.

    Systemic exposure to lanthanum was approximately 30% higher following administration of lanthanum carbonate oral powder when compared to lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets. However, systemic exposure to lanthanum from both formulations in this study was within the range seen in previous pharmacokinetics studies of chewable tablets in healthy individuals.

    In vitro
    , lanthanum is highly bound (>99%) to human plasma proteins, including human serum albumin, α1-acid glycoprotein, and transferrin. Binding to erythrocytes in vivo is negligible in rats. 

    In animal studies, lanthanum concentrations in several tissues, particularly gastrointestinal tract, mesenteric lymph nodes, bone and liver, increased over time to levels several orders of magnitude higher than those in plasma. The level of lanthanum in the liver was higher in renally impaired rats due to higher intestinal absorption. Lanthanum was found in the lysosomes and the biliary canal consistent with transcellular transport. Steady state tissue concentrations in bone and liver were achieved in dogs between 4 and 26 weeks. Relatively high levels of lanthanum remained in these tissues for longer than 6 months after cessation of dosing in dogs. There is no evidence from animal studies that lanthanum crosses the blood-brain barrier. 

    In 105 bone biopsies from patients treated with lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets for up to 4.5 years, rising levels of lanthanum were noted over time. Estimates of elimination half-life from bone ranged from 2.0 to 3.6 years. Steady state bone concentrations were not reached during the period studied. 

    Metabolism and Elimination
    - Lanthanum is not metabolized. Lanthanum was cleared from plasma of patients undergoing dialysis with an elimination half-life of 53 hours following discontinuation of therapy. 

    No information is available regarding the mass balance of lanthanum in humans after oral administration. In rats and dogs, the mean recovery of lanthanum after an oral dose was about 99% and 94%, respectively, and was essentially all from feces. Biliary excretion is the predominant route of elimination for circulating lanthanum in rats. In healthy volunteers administered intravenous lanthanum as the soluble chloride salt (120 µg), renal clearance was less than 2% of total plasma clearance.  

    Drug Interactions 

    Lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets have a low potential for systemic drug-drug interactions because of the very low bioavailability of lanthanum and because it is not a substrate or inhibitor of major cytochrome P450 enzyme groups involved in drug metabolism (CYP1A2, CYP2C9/10, CYP2C19, CYP2D6 and CYP3A4/5). 

    Lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets do not alter gastric pH. Therefore, lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets drug interactions based on altered gastric pH are not expected.

    In an in vitro investigation, lanthanum did not form insoluble complexes when mixed in simulated gastric fluid with warfarin, digoxin, furosemide, phenytoin, metoprolol and enalapril. Clinical studies have shown that lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets (three doses of 1000 mg on the day prior to exposure and one dose of 1000 mg on the day of co-­administration) administered 30 minutes earlier did not alter the pharmacokinetics of oral warfarin (10 mg), digoxin (0.5 mg), or metoprolol (100 mg). Potential pharmacodynamic interactions between lanthanum and these drugs (e.g., bleeding time or prothrombin time) were not evaluated. None of the drug interaction studies were done with the maximum recommended therapeutic dose of lanthanum carbonate. No drug interaction studies assessed the effects of drugs on phosphate binding by lanthanum carbonate. 

    Ciprofloxacin 

    In a randomized, two–way crossover study in healthy volunteers examining the interaction potential of a single oral dose of ciprofloxacin (750 mg) alone and with lanthanum carbonate (1 g TID), the maximum plasma concentration of ciprofloxacin was reduced by 56% and the area under the ciprofloxacin plasma concentration-time curve was reduced by 54%. The 24-h urinary recovery of ciprofloxacin was reduced 52% by lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets [see Drug Interactions (7.2)].

    Levothyroxine 

    In a single-dose crossover study of levothyroxine (1 mg) with or without simultaneous administration of a single dose of lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets (500 mg) in six euthyroid normal healthy volunteers, the area under the serum T4 concentration-time curve was decreased by 40% [see Drug Interactions (7.3)]

    Fat Soluble Vitamins 

    Lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets appears not to affect the availability of fat soluble vitamins (A, D, E and K) or other nutrients [see Clinical Studies (14.2)].
     
    Citrate

    Citrate did not increase the absorption of lanthanum.

  • 13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

    13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

    Oral administration of lanthanum carbonate to rats for up to 104 weeks, at doses up to 1500 mg of the salt per kg/day [2.5 times the MRHD of 5725 mg, on a mg/m2 basis, assuming a 60-kg patient] revealed no evidence of carcinogenic potential. In the mouse, oral administration of lanthanum carbonate for up to 99 weeks, at a dose of 1500 mg/kg/day (1.3 times the MRHD) was associated with an increased incidence of glandular stomach adenomas in male mice. 

    Lanthanum carbonate tested negative for mutagenic activity in an in vitro Ames assay using Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli strains and in vitro HGPRT gene mutation and chromosomal aberration assays in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Lanthanum carbonate also tested negative in an oral mouse micronucleus assay at doses up to 2000 mg/kg (1.7 times the MRHD), and in micronucleus and unscheduled DNA synthesis assays in rats given IV lanthanum chloride at doses up to 0.1 mg/kg, a dose that produced plasma lanthanum concentrations >2000 times the peak human plasma concentration. 

    Lanthanum carbonate, at doses up to 2000 mg/kg/day (3.4 times the MRHD), did not affect fertility or mating performance of male or female rats.

    13.3 Developmental Toxicity

    In pregnant rats, oral administration of lanthanum carbonate at doses as high as 2000 mg/kg/day (3.4 times the MRHD) resulted in no evidence of harm to the fetus. In pregnant rabbits, oral administration of lanthanum carbonate at 1500 mg/kg/day (5 times the MRHD) was associated with a reduction in maternal body weight gain and food consumption, increased post-implantation loss, reduced fetal weights, and delayed fetal ossification. Lanthanum carbonate administered to rats from implantation through lactation at 2000 mg/kg/day (3.4 times the MRHD) caused delayed eye opening, reduction in body weight gain, and delayed sexual development (preputial separation and vaginal opening) of the offspring.

  • 14 CLINICAL STUDIES

    The effectiveness of lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets in reducing serum phosphorus in ESRD patients was demonstrated in one short-term, placebo-controlled, double-blind dose-ranging study, two placebo-controlled randomized withdrawal studies and two long-term, active-controlled, open-label studies in both hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients.

    14.1 Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Studies


    One hundred and forty-four patients with chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis and with elevated phosphate levels were randomized to double-blind treatment at a fixed dose of lanthanum carbonate of 225 mg (n=27), 675 mg (n=29), 1350 mg (n=30) or 2250 mg (n=26) or placebo (n=32) in divided doses with meals. Fifty-five percent of subjects were male, 71% black, 25% white and 4% of other races. The mean age was 56 years and the duration of dialysis ranged from 0.5 to 15.3 years. Steady-state effects were achieved after two weeks. The effect after six weeks of treatment is shown in Figure 1.

    Figure 1: Difference in Phosphate Reduction in the Lanthanum Carbonate Chewable Tablets and Placebo Group in a 6-Week, Dose-Ranging, Double-Blind Study in ESRD Patients (with 95% Confidence Intervals)
    graph

    One-hundred and eighty-five patients with end stage renal disease undergoing either hemodialysis (n=146) or peritoneal dialysis (n=39) were enrolled in two placebo-controlled,randomized withdrawal studies. Sixty-four percent of subjects were male, 28% black, 62% white and 10% of other races. The mean age was 58.4 years and the duration of dialysis ranged from 0.2 to 21.4 years. After titration of lanthanum carbonate to achieve a phosphate level between 4.0 and 5.6 mg/dL in one study (doses up to 2250 mg/day) or <5.9 mg/dL in the second study (doses up to 3000 mg/day) and maintenance through 6 weeks, patients were randomized to lanthanum or placebo. During the placebo-controlled, randomized withdrawal phase (four weeks), the phosphorus concentration rose in the placebo group by 1.7 mg/dL in one study and 1.9 mg/dL in the other study relative to patients who remained on lanthanum carbonate therapy.

    14.2 Open-Label Active-Controlled Studies

    Two long-term open-label studies were conducted, involving a total of 2028 patients with ESRD undergoing hemodialysis. Patients were randomized to receive lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets or alternative phosphate binders for up to six months in one study and two years in the other. The daily lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets dose, divided and taken with meals, ranged from 375 mg to 3000 mg. Doses were titrated to reduce serum phosphate levels to a target level. The daily doses of the alternative therapy were based on current prescribing information or those commonly utilized. Both treatment groups had similar reductions in serum phosphate of about 1.8 mg/dL. Maintenance of reduction was observed for up to three years in patients treated with lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets in long-term, open-label extensions.

    No effects of lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets on serum levels of 25-dihydroxy vitamin D3, vitamin A, vitamin B12, vitamin E and vitamin K were observed in patients who were monitored for 6 months.

    Paired bone biopsies (at baseline and at one or two years) in 69 patients randomized to either lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets or calcium carbonate in one study and 99 patients randomized to either lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets or alternative therapy in a second study showed no differences in the development of mineralization defects between the groups.

    Vital status was known for over 2000 patients, 97% of those participating in the clinical program during and after receiving treatment. The adjusted yearly mortality rate (rate/years of observation) for patients treated with lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets or alternative therapy was 6.6%.

  • 16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

    16.1 Lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets

    Lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets are supplied in three dosage strengths as lanthanum for oral administration: 500 mg tablets, 750 mg tablets, and 1000 mg tablets.
     
    Lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets, 500 mg (as lanthanum) are white to off white round shaped tablets debossed ‘NAT’ on one side and ‘500’ on other side, supplied in patient pack (2 bottles of 45 chewable tablets each NDC: 68180-819-52) NDC: 68180-819-42.

    Lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets, 750 mg (as lanthanum) are white to off white round shaped tablets debossed ‘NAT’ on one side and ‘750’ on other side, supplied in patient pack (6 bottles of 15 chewable tablets each NDC: 68180-820-53) NDC: 68180-820-46.

    Lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets, 1000 mg (as lanthanum) are white to off white round shaped tablets debossed ‘NAT’ on one side and ‘1000’ on other side, supplied in patient pack (9 bottles of 10 chewable tablets each  NDC: 68180-821-10) NDC: 68180-821-47.

    Storage - Store at 25ºC (77ºF): excursions permitted to 15º to 30˚C (59º to 86ºF). [See USP controlled room temperature].

  • 17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

    Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labelling (Medication Guide).

    Advise patients to take lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets with or immediately after meals [see Dosage and Administration (2)].

    Instruct patients on concomitant medications that should be dosed apart from lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets [see Drug Interactions (7)].

    Instruct patients who are prescribed lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets to chew or crush tablets completely before swallowing. Emphasize that lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets should not be swallowed intact. Consider crushing lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets completely or prescribing the oral powder formulation for patients with poor dentition or who have difficulty chewing tablets [see   Dosage and Administration (2 )].

    Advise patients who are taking an oral medication where a reduction in the bioavailability of that medication would have a clinically significant effect on its safety or efficacy to separate the dosing of lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets from the dosing of the affected drug by several hours [see Drug Interactions (7)].

    Advise patients to notify their physician that they are taking lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets prior to an abdominal X-ray or if they have a history of gastrointestinal disease [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.2)].

    Manufactured by:
    NATCO PHARMA LIMITED
    Kothur - 509 228
    Telangana, India.

    Distributed by:
    Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
    Baltimore, Maryland 21202
    United States 

    Rev: 01/2019





    MEDICATION GUIDE
    Lanthanum Carbonate (LAN-tha-num KAR-bo-nate) Chewable Tablets

    Read this Medication Guide before you start taking lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking to your healthcare provider about your medical condition or treatment.


    What is the most important information I should know about lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets?

    Lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets may cause a bowel blockage ,a hole in the bowel or severe constipation, which can be serious, and sometimes lead to surgery or treatment in a hospital.

    • You may have a higher risk of bowel blockage, a hole in the bowel or severe constipation if you take lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets and have:
      • a history of surgery, ulcers or cancer in the stomach or bowel
      • a history of bowel blockage, or problems resulting in a decreased movement of food through your stomach and bowel (e.g. feeling full quickly after eating or constipation)
      • an infection or inflammation of the stomach/bowel (peritonitis)

    Do not swallow lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets whole. Chew tablets completely before swallowing. If you can not chew tablets completely, you may crush the tablets thoroughly before swallowing or discuss the oral powder formulation with your health care provider.



    What is lanthanum carbonate chewable tablet?

    Lanthanum carbonate chewable tablet is a prescription medicine used in people with end stage renal disease (ESRD) to lower the amount of phosphate in the blood.

    Who should not take lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets?

    Do not take lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets if you:

    • have blocked bowels
    • have severe constipation

    Lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets have not been studied in children and adolescents under 18 years of age.

    What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets?

    Lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets may not be right for you. Before starting lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets, tell your healthcare provider if you:

    • have a history of surgery, ulcers or cancer in the stomach or bowel
    • have a history of bowel blockage, constipation, or problems resulting in a decreased movement of food through your stomach and bowel especially if you have diabetes
    • have ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease or an infection or inflammation of the stomach/bowel (peritonitis)
    • plan to have an X-ray of your stomach (abdomen)

    • have any other medical conditions

    • are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets will harm your unborn baby


    Tell your healthcare provider about all of the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

    Especially tell your healthcare provider if you take:

    • antacids
    • antibiotics
    • thyroid medicine

    Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them and show it to your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.




    How should I take lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets?

    • Take lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider

    • Your healthcare provider will tell you how much lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets to take

    • Your healthcare provider may change your dose if needed

    • Chewable tablets - Do not swallow tablets whole. Chew tablets completely before swallowing. If you cannot chew tablets completely, or if you have tooth disease, you may crush the tablets thoroughly before swallowing or discuss the oral powder formulation with your healthcare provider.

    • Take lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets with or right after meals

    • If you take an antacid medicine, take the antacid 2 hours before or 2 hours after you take lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets

    • If you take medicine for your thyroid (levothyroxine), take the thyroid medicine 2 hours before or 2 hours after you take lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets

    • If you take an antibiotic medicine, take the antibiotic 1 hour before or 4 hours after you take lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets 

    What are possible or reasonably likely side effects of lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets?


    See “What is the most important information I should know about lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets?”

     
    The most common side effects of lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets include:

    • nausea
    • vomiting

    • diarrhea

    • stomach pain

    Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.




    These are not all the side effects of lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.


    Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.


    How should I store lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets?

    • Store lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets between 59°F to 86°F (15°C to 30°C).

    Keep lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets and all medicines out of the reach of children.

    General information about lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets

    Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets to other people, even if they have the same condition. It may harm them.


    This Medication Guide summarizes the most important information about lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider. You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets that is written for healthcare professionals.

    For more information go to www.lupinpharmaceuticals.com or call 1-800-399-2561.

    What are the ingredients in lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets?



    Active ingredient: lanthanum carbonate


    Inactive ingredients: colloidal silicon dioxide, dextrates, hydroxy propyl cellulose, magnesium stearate and talc.


    This Medication Guide has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.


    Manufactured by:
    NATCO PHARMA LIMITED
    Kothur- 509 228,
    Telangana, India.



    Distributed by:
    Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
    Baltimore, Maryland 21202
    United States

    Rev: 01/2019

  • Lanthanum Carbonate Chewable Tablets 500 mg - Bottle of 45 Tablets

    Label artwork:
    NDC: 68180-819-52
    Bottle of 45 tablets
    Each chewable tablet contains 500 mg of lanthanum as lanthanum carbonate dihydrate



    500 mg container label

    Carton artwork:
    NDC: 68180-819-42
    Each chewable tablet contains 500 mg of lanthanum as lanthanum carbonate dihydrate
    PATIENT PACK ONE MONTH SUPPLY
    ATTENTION PHARMACIST: Each patient is required to receive the enclosed Medication Guide.


    500 mg carton

  • Lanthanum Carbonate Chewable Tablets 750 mg - Bottle of 15 Tablets


    Label artwork:
    NDC: 68180-820-53
    Bottle of 15 tablets
    Each chewable tablet contains 750 mg of lanthanum as lanthanum carbonate dihydrate


    750 mg container label

    Carton artwork:
    NDC: 68180-820-46
    Each chewable tablet contains 750 mg of lanthanum as lanthanum carbonate dihydrate
    PATIENT PACK ONE MONTH SUPPLY
    ATTENTION PHARMACIST: Each patient is required to receive the enclosed Medication Guide.
    750 mg carton

  • Lanthanum Carbonate Chewable Tablets 1000 mg - Bottle of 10 Tablets


    Label artwork:
    NDC: 68180-821-10
    Bottle of 10 tablets
    Each chewable tablet contains 1000 mg of lanthanum as lanthanum carbonate dihydrate


    1000 mg container label

    Carton artwork:
    NDC: 68180-821-47
    Each chewable tablet contains 1000 mg of lanthanum as lanthanum carbonate dhydrate
    PATIENT PACK ONE MONTH SUPPLY
    ATTENTION PHARMACIST: Each patient is required to receive the enclosed Medication Guide.

    1000 mg carton

  • INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
    LANTHANUM CARBONATE 
    lanthanum carbonate tablet, chewable
    Product Information
    Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUGItem Code (Source)NDC: 68180-819
    Route of AdministrationORAL
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
    LANTHANUM CARBONATE (UNII: 490D9F069T) (LANTHANUM CATION (3+) - UNII:O7FU5X12W5) LANTHANUM CATION (3+)500 mg
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient NameStrength
    DEXTRATES (UNII: G263MI44RU)  
    HYDROXYPROPYL CELLULOSE (UNII: RFW2ET671P)  
    MAGNESIUM STEARATE (UNII: 70097M6I30)  
    SILICON DIOXIDE (UNII: ETJ7Z6XBU4)  
    TALC (UNII: 7SEV7J4R1U)  
    Product Characteristics
    ColorWHITE (white to off-white) Scoreno score
    ShapeROUNDSize15mm
    FlavorImprint Code NAT;500
    Contains    
    Packaging
    #Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    1NDC: 68180-819-422 in 1 PACKAGE08/30/2017
    1NDC: 68180-819-5245 in 1 BOTTLE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    Marketing Information
    Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    ANDAANDA09097808/30/2017
    LANTHANUM CARBONATE 
    lanthanum carbonate tablet, chewable
    Product Information
    Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUGItem Code (Source)NDC: 68180-820
    Route of AdministrationORAL
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
    LANTHANUM CARBONATE (UNII: 490D9F069T) (LANTHANUM CATION (3+) - UNII:O7FU5X12W5) LANTHANUM CATION (3+)750 mg
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient NameStrength
    DEXTRATES (UNII: G263MI44RU)  
    HYDROXYPROPYL CELLULOSE (UNII: RFW2ET671P)  
    MAGNESIUM STEARATE (UNII: 70097M6I30)  
    SILICON DIOXIDE (UNII: ETJ7Z6XBU4)  
    TALC (UNII: 7SEV7J4R1U)  
    Product Characteristics
    ColorWHITE (white to off-white) Scoreno score
    ShapeROUNDSize18mm
    FlavorImprint Code NAT;750
    Contains    
    Packaging
    #Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    1NDC: 68180-820-466 in 1 PACKAGE08/30/2017
    1NDC: 68180-820-5315 in 1 BOTTLE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    Marketing Information
    Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    ANDAANDA09097808/30/2017
    LANTHANUM CARBONATE 
    lanthanum carbonate tablet, chewable
    Product Information
    Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUGItem Code (Source)NDC: 68180-821
    Route of AdministrationORAL
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
    LANTHANUM CARBONATE (UNII: 490D9F069T) (LANTHANUM CATION (3+) - UNII:O7FU5X12W5) LANTHANUM CATION (3+)1000 mg
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient NameStrength
    DEXTRATES (UNII: G263MI44RU)  
    HYDROXYPROPYL CELLULOSE (UNII: RFW2ET671P)  
    MAGNESIUM STEARATE (UNII: 70097M6I30)  
    SILICON DIOXIDE (UNII: ETJ7Z6XBU4)  
    TALC (UNII: 7SEV7J4R1U)  
    Product Characteristics
    ColorWHITE (white to off-white) Scoreno score
    ShapeROUNDSize20mm
    FlavorImprint Code NAT;1000
    Contains    
    Packaging
    #Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    1NDC: 68180-821-479 in 1 PACKAGE08/30/2017
    1NDC: 68180-821-1010 in 1 BOTTLE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    Marketing Information
    Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    ANDAANDA09097808/30/2017
    Labeler - Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (089153071)
    Registrant - NATCO PHARMA LIMITED (650224736)

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