BAMLANIVIMAB injection, solution

Bamlanivimab by

Drug Labeling and Warnings

Bamlanivimab by is a Prescription medication manufactured, distributed, or labeled by Eli Lilly and Company. Drug facts, warnings, and ingredients follow.

Drug Details [pdf]

  • RECENT MAJOR CHANGES

    • Limitations of Authorized Use– updated Limitations of Authorized Use for treatment and post-exposure prophylaxis.
    Revised 01/2022
    • Limitations of Authorized Use (Section 1 and Box)– removal of the Limitations of Authorized Use related to resistant variants and modification of SARS-CoV-2 viral variant section of the Box.
    Revised 12/2021
    • Antiviral Resistance (Box and Section 15)– addition of information on susceptibility of SARS-CoV-2 variants to bamlanivimab and etesevimab (Table 5 and Table 6) and updates based on latest viral surveillance report and additional sequencing data from Phase 3 study PYAB.
    Revised 12/2021, 08/2021, 05/2021, and 03/2021
    Revised 12/2021
    • How Supplied/Storage and Handling (Section 19)– addition of information related to the extension of expiry date of bamlanivimab and etesevimab.
    Revised 12/2021
    • Authorized Use (Box and Section 1)– addition of new indication for post-exposure prophylaxis of COVID-19.
    Revised 09/2021
    • Clinical Trial Results and Supporting Data for EUA, Post-Exposure Prophylaxis of COVID-19 (BLAZE-2) (Section 18.2)– addition of Phase 3 data for the authorized use.
    Revised 09/2021
    • Authorized Use (Box and Section 1)– expanded the definition of progression of severe COVID-19 to include death.
    Revised 08/2021
    • Limitations of Authorized Use (Section 1)– change to authorized use related to the combined frequency of SARS-CoV-2 variants that are resistant to bamlanivimab and etesevimab.
    Revised 08/2021
    • Warnings: Hypersensitivity Including Anaphylaxis and Infusion-Related Reactions (Section 5.1)– addition of vasovagal reactions.
    Revised 08/2021
    • Warnings: Clinical Worsening After Bamlanivimab and Etesevimab Administration (Section 5.2)– updated to include administration with both antibodies.
    Revised 08/2021
    • Definition of High Risk for Disease Progression (Box and Section 2.1)– definition has been expanded to include additional medical conditions and other factors.
    Revised 05/2021
    • Dosage and Administration, Dosage (Section 2.2)– removal of rationale for authorized dose because Phase 3 data have confirmed the authorized dose.
    Revised 05/2021
    • Overall Safety Summary, Clinical Trials Experience (Section 6.1)– updated to integrated clinical trial safety analyses focused on adverse reactions and most common treatment-emergent adverse events.
    Revised 05/2021
    • Clinical Trial Results and Supporting Data for EUA, Mild to Moderate COVID-19 (BLAZE-1) (Section 18.1)– addition of Phase 3 data for the authorized dose.
    Revised 05/2021

    Bamlanivimab and etesevimab have been authorized by FDA for the emergency uses described above.

    Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are not FDA-approved for these uses.

    Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are authorized only for the duration of the declaration that circumstances exist justifying the authorization of the emergency use of bamlanivimab and etesevimab under section 564(b)(1) of the Act, 21 U.S.C. § 360bbb-3(b)(1), unless the authorization is terminated or revoked sooner.

  • BOXED WARNING (What is this?)

    Treatment

    This EUA is for the use of the unapproved products bamlanivimab and etesevimab administered together for the treatment of mild to moderate COVID-19 in adults and pediatric patients, including neonates, with positive results of direct SARS-CoV-2 viral testing, and who are at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death [see Limitations of Authorized Use (1.1)].

    For treatment of COVID-19, bamlanivimab and etesevimab should be administered together as soon as possible after positive results of direct SARS-CoV-2 viral testing and within 10 days of symptom onset.

    Post-Exposure Prophylaxis

    This EUA is for the use of the unapproved products bamlanivimab and etesevimab administered together in adults and pediatric individuals, including neonates, for post-exposure prophylaxis of COVID-19 in individuals who are at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death, and are:

    • not fully vaccinated3 or who are not expected to mount an adequate immune response to complete SARS-CoV-2 vaccination (for example, individuals with immunocompromising conditions including those taking immunosuppressive medications3) and
    • have been exposed to an individual infected with SARS-CoV-2 consistent with close contact criteria per Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)5 or
    • who are at high risk of exposure to an individual infected with SARS-CoV-2 because of occurrence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in other individuals in the same institutional setting (for example, nursing homes, prisons) [see Limitations of Authorized Use (1.2)].

    For post-exposure prophylaxis, bamlanivimab and etesevimab should be administered together as soon as possible following exposure to SARS-CoV-2.

    Criteria for Identifying High Risk Individuals

    The following medical conditions or other factors may place adults and pediatric patients, including neonates, at higher risk for progression to severe COVID-19:

    • Older age (for example age ≥65 years of age)
    • <1 year old
    • Obesity or being overweight
    • Pregnancy
    • Chronic kidney disease
    • Diabetes
    • Immunosuppressive disease or immunosuppressive treatment
    • Cardiovascular disease (including congenital heart disease) or hypertension
    • Chronic lung diseases (for example, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma [moderate-to-severe], interstitial lung disease, cystic fibrosis and pulmonary hypertension)
    • Sickle cell disease
    • Neurodevelopmental disorders (for example, cerebral palsy) or other conditions that confer medical complexity (for example, genetic or metabolic syndromes and severe congenital anomalies)
    • Having a medical-related technological dependence (for example, tracheostomy, gastrostomy, or positive pressure ventilation (not related to COVID-19))

    Other medical conditions or factors (for example, race or ethnicity) may also place individual patients at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19 and authorization of bamlanivimab and etesevimab under the EUA is not limited to the medical conditions or factors listed above. For additional information on medical conditions and factors associated with increased risk for progression to severe COVID-19, see the CDC website: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/need-extra-precautions/people-with-medical-conditions.html. Healthcare providers should consider the benefit-risk for an individual patient.

    Under this EUA, bamlanivimab and etesevimab must be administered together by intravenous (IV) infusion only.

    Treatment Dosage

    • The authorized dosage for adults (18 years and older) and pediatric patients (<18 years and weighing at least 40 kg) is 700 mg bamlanivimab and 1,400 mg of etesevimab administered together as a single intravenous (IV) infusion [see Dosage and Administration (2.2, 2.4) and Clinical Trial Results and Supporting Data for EUA (18.1)]. The authorized dosage for pediatric patients weighing less than 40 kg will vary depending on weight [see Dosage and Administration (2.2, 2.4)]. Given the similar course of COVID-19, the safety and efficacy of bamlanivimab and etesevimab in younger pediatric patients, including neonates, is supported by safety and efficacy data in adolescents and adults, together with additional pharmacokinetic and safety data from the clinical trial in pediatric patients. The recommended dosing regimen for pediatric patients ≤12 kg is based on pharmacokinetic modeling and simulation [see Clinical Pharmacology (14.3)]. The youngest participant in the pediatric clinical trial was 10 months of age and weighed 8.6 kg [see Clinical Trials and Supporting Data for EUA (18.1)].

    Post-Exposure Prophylaxis Dosage

    • The authorized dosage for adults (18 years and older) and pediatric individuals (<18 years and weighing at least 40 kg) is 700 mg bamlanivimab and 1,400 mg of etesevimab administered together as a single intravenous (IV) infusion [see Dosage and Administration (2.2, 2.4)]. The authorized dosage for pediatric individuals weighing less than 40 kg will vary depending on weight [see Dosage and Administration (2.2, 2.4)].
    • The authorized dosage is based on the totality of the scientific evidence including clinical pharmacology data and clinical trial data [see Clinical Pharmacology (14.2) and Clinical Trial Results and Supporting Data for EUA (18.2)]. The recommended dosing regimen for pediatric patients ≤12 kg is predicted based on pharmacokinetic modeling and simulation [see Clinical Pharmacology (14.3)].
    • The clinical data for post-exposure prophylaxis is based on data generated in the Phase 3 study BLAZE-2. While this study only evaluated dosing with bamlanivimab alone, it is reasonable to expect that bamlanivimab and etesevimab together may be safe and effective for post-exposure prophylaxis based on:
      • Phase 3 data from BLAZE-1 demonstrated treatment of COVID-19 with bamlanivimab and etesevimab together showed a statistically significant reduction in progression of severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death [see Clinical Trial Results and Supporting Data for EUA (18.1)].
      • Nonclinical and clinical data support that bamlanivimab and etesevimab together will provide an advantage over bamlanivimab alone against certain SARS-CoV-2 viral variants [see Microbiology/Resistance Information (15)].
    • Use of bamlanivimab and etesevimab together for post-exposure prophylaxis in subjects who meet high-risk criteria is based on a subgroup analysis of high-risk individuals enrolled in BLAZE-2 [see Clinical Trial Results and Supporting Data for EUA (18.2)].
    • Given the similar course of COVID-19, the safety and efficacy of bamlanivimab and etesevimab in younger pediatric patients, including neonates, is supported by safety and efficacy data in adolescents and adults, together with additional pharmacokinetic and safety data from the clinical trial in pediatric patients studying bamlanivimab and etesevimab for the treatment of mild to moderate COVID-19. Children were not enrolled in the post-exposure prophylaxis trial, BLAZE-2.

    Intravenous Infusion:

    • Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are both available as solutions in separate vials and must be combined prior to administration.
    • Administer bamlanivimab and etesevimab together as a single intravenous (IV) infusion via pump or gravity [see Table 1 and Table 2 and Dosage and Administration (2.4)].
    • Clinically monitor patients during administration and observe patients for at least 1 hour after infusion is complete.
    • Repeat dosing of bamlanivimab and etesevimab has not been evaluated.

    Bamlanivimab and etesevimab may only be administered in settings in which health care providers have immediate access to medications to treat a severe infusion reaction, such as anaphylaxis, and the ability to activate the emergency medical system (EMS), as necessary.

    Health care providers must submit a report on all medication errors and ALL SERIOUS ADVERSE EVENTS potentially related to bamlanivimab and etesevimab. See Sections 8 and 9 of the Full EUA Prescribing Information for reporting instructions below.

    Patients treated with bamlanivimab and etesevimab together should continue to self-isolate and use infection control measures (e.g., wear mask, isolate, social distance, avoid sharing personal items, clean and disinfect “high touch” surfaces, and frequent handwashing) according to CDC guidelines.

    The authorized dosage may be updated as additional data from clinical trials becomes available.

    For information on clinical trials that are testing the use of bamlanivimab and etesevimab in COVID-19, please see www.clinicaltrials.gov.

  • Contraindications

    None.

  • Dosing

    See Full Fact Sheet for Healthcare Providers for information on dosing [see Dosage and Administration (2)].

  • Preparation and Administration

    See Full Fact Sheet for Healthcare Providers for information on preparation and administration [see Dose Preparation and Administration (2.4)].

    Under this EUA, single-dose vials may be used to prepare more than one pediatric dose; in addition, pediatric doses do not need to be diluted for patients <18 years and weighing <40kg.

  • Storage

    Refrigerate unopened vials at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) in the original carton to protect from light. Do not freeze, shake, or expose to direct light.

    FDA has authorized an extension to the shelf-life (i.e., expiration date) of both bamlanivimab and etesevimab following a thorough review of data submitted by Eli Lilly and Company. The extension applies to all unopened vials of bamlanivimab and etesevimab that have been held in accordance with storage conditions. Confirm the shelf-life of unopened vials of bamlanivimab and etesevimab by batch number at the FDA EUA website under the Drug and Biological Therapeutic Products bamlanivimab and etesevimab. This site includes a complete listing of extended expiration dates by batch number. If the batch number on the vial/carton is not included in this listing, the product is labeled with the correct expiration date.

  • Warnings

    There are limited clinical data available for bamlanivimab and etesevimab. Serious and unexpected adverse events may occur that have not been previously reported with use of bamlanivimab and etesevimab together.

    Hypersensitivity Including Anaphylaxis and Infusion-Related Reactions

    Serious hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis, have been observed with administration of bamlanivimab and etesevimab. If signs and symptoms of a clinically significant hypersensitivity reaction or anaphylaxis occur, immediately discontinue administration and initiate appropriate medications and/or supportive therapy.

    Infusion-related reactions, occurring during the infusion and up to 24 hours after the infusion, have been observed with administration of bamlanivimab and etesevimab together. These reactions may be severe or life threatening.

    Signs and symptoms of infusion related reactions may include:

    • fever, difficulty breathing, reduced oxygen saturation, chills, fatigue, arrhythmia (e.g., atrial fibrillation, sinus tachycardia, bradycardia), chest pain or discomfort, weakness, altered mental status, nausea, headache, bronchospasm, hypotension, hypertension, angioedema, throat irritation, rash including urticaria, pruritus, myalgia, vasovagal reactions (e.g., pre-syncope, syncope), dizziness and diaphoresis.

    Consider slowing or stopping the infusion and administer appropriate medications and/or supportive care if an infusion-related reaction occurs.

    Hypersensitivity reactions occurring more than 24 hours after the infusion have also been reported with the use of bamlanivimab and etesevimab under Emergency Use Authorization.

    Clinical Worsening After Bamlanivimab and Etesevimab Administration

    Clinical worsening of COVID-19 after administration of bamlanivimab and etesevimab together has been reported and may include signs or symptoms of fever, hypoxia or increased respiratory difficulty, arrhythmia (e.g., atrial fibrillation, sinus tachycardia, bradycardia), fatigue, and altered mental status. Some of these events required hospitalization. It is not known if these events were related to bamlanivimab and etesevimab use or were due to progression of COVID-19.

    Limitations of Benefit and Potential for Risk in Patients with Severe COVID-19

    Treatment with bamlanivimab and etesevimab has not been studied in patients hospitalized due to COVID-19. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bamlanivimab and etesevimab, may be associated with worse clinical outcomes when administered to hospitalized patients with COVID-19 requiring high flow oxygen or mechanical ventilation. Therefore, [see Limitations of Authorized Use (1.1)]:

    • Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are not authorized for use in patients 2 years and older who are hospitalized due to COVID-192,
    • Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are not authorized for use in patients, regardless of age, who:
      • require oxygen therapy and/or respiratory support due to COVID-19, OR
      • require an increase in baseline oxygen flow rate and/or respiratory support due to COVID-19 and are on chronic oxygen therapy and/or respiratory support due to underlying non-COVID-19 related comorbidity.
  • Side Effects

    Adverse events have been reported with bamlanivimab and etesevimab [see Full EUA Prescribing Information, Overall Safety Summary (6.1)].

    Additional adverse events associated with bamlanivimab and etesevimab, some of which may be serious, may become apparent with more widespread use.

  • INSTRUCTIONS FOR HEALTHCARE PROVIDERS

    As the healthcare provider, you must communicate to your patient or parent/caregiver, as age appropriate, information consistent with the “Fact Sheet for Patients, Parents and Caregivers” (and provide a copy of the Fact Sheet) prior to the patient receiving bamlanivimab and etesevimab, including:

    • FDA has authorized the emergency use of bamlanivimab and etesevimab administered together for the treatment of mild to moderate COVID-19 in adults and pediatric patients, including neonates, with positive results of direct SARS-CoV-2 viral testing, and who are at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death [see Limitations of Authorized Use (1.1)].
    • FDA has authorized the emergency use of bamlanivimab and etesevimab administered together in adults and pediatric individuals, including neonates, for post-exposure prophylaxis of COVID-19 in individuals who are at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death, and are:
      • not fully vaccinated3 or who are not expected to mount an adequate immune response to complete SARS-CoV-2 vaccination (for example, individuals with immunocompromising conditions including those taking immunosuppressive medications4) and
        • have been exposed to an individual infected with SARS-CoV-2 consistent with close contact criteria per Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)5 or
        • who are at high risk of exposure to an individual infected with SARS-CoV-2 because of occurrence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in other individuals in the same institutional setting (for example, nursing homes, prisons) [see Limitations of Authorized Use (1.2)].
    • The patient or parent/caregiver has the option to accept or refuse bamlanivimab and etesevimab.
    • The significant known and potential risks and benefits of bamlanivimab and etesevimab, and the extent to which such potential risks and benefits are unknown.
    • Information on available alternative treatments and the risks and benefits of those alternatives, including clinical trials.
    • Patients treated with bamlanivimab and etesevimab together should continue to self-isolate and use infection control measures (e.g., wear mask, isolate, social distance, avoid sharing personal items, clean and disinfect “high touch” surfaces, and frequent handwashing) according to CDC guidelines.

    For information on clinical trials that are testing the use of bamlanivimab and etesevimab together for COVID-19, please see www.clinicaltrials.gov.

  • MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS FOR BAMLANIVIMAB AND ETESEVIMAB ADMINISTRATION UNDER EMERGENCY USE AUTHORIZATION:

    In order to mitigate the risks of using these unapproved products and to optimize the potential benefit of bamlanivimab and etesevimab under this EUA, the following items are required. Use of bamlanivimab and etesevimab under this EUA is limited to the following (all requirements must be met):

    1. Treatment of mild to moderate COVID-19 in adults and pediatric patients, including neonates, with positive results of direct SARS-CoV-2 viral testing, and who are at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death [see Limitations of Authorized Use (1.1)].
    2. Post-exposure prophylaxis of COVID-19 in adults and pediatric individuals, including neonates, who are at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death, and are:
      1. not fully vaccinated3 or who are not expected to mount an adequate immune response to complete SARS-CoV-2 vaccination (for example, individuals with immunocompromising conditions including those taking immunosuppressive medications4) and
        1. have been exposed to an individual infected with SARS-CoV-2 consistent with close contact criteria per Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)5 or
        2. who are at high risk of exposure to an individual infected with SARS-CoV-2 because of occurrence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in other individuals in the same institutional setting (for example, nursing homes, prisons) [see Limitations of Authorized Use (1.2)].
    3. As the healthcare provider, communicate to your patient or parent/caregiver, as age appropriate, information consistent with the “Fact Sheet for Patients, Parents and Caregivers” prior to the patient receiving bamlanivimab and etesevimab. Healthcare providers (to the extent practicable given the circumstances of the emergency) must document in the patient's medical record that the patient/caregiver has been:
      1. Given the “Fact Sheet for Patients, Parents and Caregivers”,
      2. Informed of alternatives to receiving authorized bamlanivimab and etesevimab, and
      3. Informed that bamlanivimab and etesevimab are unapproved drugs that are authorized for use under this Emergency Use Authorization.
    4. Patients with known hypersensitivity to any ingredient of bamlanivimab or etesevimab must not receive bamlanivimab and etesevimab.
    5. The prescribing health care provider and/or the provider's designee is/are responsible for mandatory reporting of all medication errors and serious adverse events* potentially related to bamlanivimab and etesevimab treatment within 7 calendar days from the onset of the event. The reports must include unique identifiers and the words “bamlanivimab and etesevimab use for COVID-19 under Emergency Use Authorization (EUA)” in the description section of the report.
      • Submit adverse event reports to FDA MedWatch using one of the following methods:
        • Complete and submit the report online: www.fda.gov/medwatch/report.htm, or
        • Complete and submit a postage-paid FDA Form 3500 (https://www.fda.gov/media/76299/download) and return by:
          • Mail to MedWatch, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20852-9787, or
          • Fax (1-800-FDA-0178), or
        • Call 1-800-FDA-1088 to request a reporting form.
        • Submitted reports must include in the field name, “Describe Event, Problem, or Product Use/Medication Error” the statement “bamlanivimab and etesevimab use for COVID-19 under Emergency Use Authorization (EUA).”

        *Serious Adverse Events are defined as:

        • death;
        • a life-threatening adverse event;
        • inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization;
        • a persistent or significant incapacity or substantial disruption of the ability to conduct normal life functions;
        • a congenital anomaly/birth defect;
        • a medical or surgical intervention to prevent death, a life-threatening event, hospitalization, disability, or congenital anomaly.
    6. The prescribing health care provider and/or the provider's designee is/are to provide mandatory responses to requests from FDA for information about adverse events and medication errors following receipt of bamlanivimab and etesevimab.
    7. OTHER REPORTING REQUIREMENTS
      • Healthcare facilities and providers must report therapeutics information and utilization data through HHS Protect, Teletracking or National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) as directed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
      • In addition, please provide a copy of all FDA MedWatch forms to:
        Eli Lilly and Company, Global Patient Safety
        Fax: 1-317-277-0853
        E-mail: mailindata_gsmtindy@lilly.com
        Or call Eli Lilly and Company at 1-855-LillyC19 (1-855-545-5921) to report adverse events.
  • APPROVED AVAILABLE ALTERNATIVES

    Veklury (remdesivir) is FDA-approved for the treatment of COVID-19 in adults and pediatric patients (12 years of age and older weighing at least 40 kg) with positive results of direct SARS-CoV-2 viral testing, who are not hospitalized and have mild-to-moderate COVID-19, and who are at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death. Veklury is administered via intravenous infusion for a total treatment duration of 3 days.

    Although Veklury is an approved alternative treatment of mild-to-moderate COVID-19 in adults and pediatric patients (12 years of age and older weighing at least 40 kg) with positive results of direct SARS-CoV-2 viral testing, and who are at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death, FDA does not consider Veklury to be an adequate alternative to bamlanivimab and etesevimab for this authorized use because it may not be feasible or practical for certain patients (e.g., it requires a 3-day treatment duration).6

    There is no adequate, approved and available alternative to bamlanivimab and etesevimab administered together for post-exposure prophylaxis of COVID-19 in adult and pediatric individuals, including neonates, who are at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death, and are:

    • not fully vaccinated3 or who are not expected to mount an adequate immune response to complete SARS-CoV-2 vaccination (for example, individuals with immunocompromising conditions including those taking immunosuppressive medications4) and
      • have been exposed to an individual infected with SARS-CoV-2 consistent with close contact criteria per Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)5 or
      • who are at high risk of exposure to an individual infected with SARS-CoV-2 because of occurrence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in other individuals in the same institutional setting (for example, nursing homes, prisons) [see Limitations of Authorized Use (1.2)].

    Additional information on COVID-19 therapies can be found at https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html. The health care provider should visit https://clinicaltrials.gov/ to determine whether the patient may be eligible for enrollment in a clinical trial.


  • 6 Additionally, the approval for Veklury does not cover certain pediatric patients for whom bamlanivimab and etesevimab administered together is authorized (e.g., patients less than 12 years of age).
  • AUTHORITY FOR ISSUANCE OF THE EUA

    The Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has declared a public health emergency that justifies the emergency use of drugs and biological products during the COVID-19 pandemic. FDA has issued this EUA, requested by Eli Lilly and Company for the unapproved products bamlanivimab and etesevimab administered together for the treatment of mild to moderate COVID-19 in adults and pediatric patients, including neonates, with positive results of direct SARS-CoV-2 viral testing, and who are at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death.5

    FDA has also issued this EUA, requested by Eli Lilly and Company for the unapproved products bamlanivimab and etesevimab administered together in adults and pediatric individuals, including neonates, for post-exposure prophylaxis of COVID-19 in individuals who are at high risk of progression to severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death, and are:

    • not fully vaccinated3 or who are not expected to mount an adequate immune response to complete SARS-CoV-2 vaccination (for example, individuals with immunocompromising conditions including those taking immunosuppressive medications4) and
      • have been exposed to an individual infected with SARS-CoV-2 consistent with close contact criteria per Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)5 or
      • who are at high risk of exposure to an individual infected with SARS-CoV-2 because of occurrence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in other individuals in the same institutional setting (for example, nursing homes, prisons) [see Limitations of Authorized Use (1.2)].

    Although limited scientific information is available, based on the totality of the scientific evidence available to date, it is reasonable to believe that bamlanivimab and etesevimab administered together may be effective for the treatment of mild to moderate COVID-19 or for post-exposure prophylaxis of COVID-19 in individuals as specified in this Fact Sheet. You may be contacted and asked to provide information to help with the assessment of the use of the product during this emergency.

    This EUA for bamlanivimab and etesevimab will end when the Secretary determines that the circumstances justifying the EUA no longer exist or when there is a change in the approval status of the product such that an EUA is no longer needed.

    As a health care provider, you must comply with the mandatory requirements of the EUA (see above).

    CONTACT INFORMATION
    For additional information visit
    www.LillyAntibody.com

    If you have questions, please contact
    1-855-LillyC19 (1-855-545-5921)

    END SHORT VERSION FACT SHEET
    Long Version Begins on Next Page
  • SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

    FULL EUA PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

    FULL EUA PRESCRIBING INFORMATION: CONTENTS*
    11.2 Lactation
    1 AUTHORIZED USE
    11.3 Pediatric Use
    1.1 Treatment 11.4 Geriatric Use
    1.2 Post-Exposure Prophylaxis 11.5 Renal Impairment
    2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
    11.6 Hepatic Impairment
    2.1 Patient Selection
    11.7 Other Specific Populations
    2.2 Dosage
    12 OVERDOSAGE
    2.3 Dosage Adjustment in Specific Populations
    13 DESCRIPTION
    2.4 Dose Preparation and Administration
    14 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY
    3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS
    14.1 Mechanism of Action
    4 CONTRAINDICATIONS
    14.2 Pharmacodynamics
    5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
    14.3 Pharmacokinetics
    5.1 Hypersensitivity Including Anaphylaxis and Infusion-Related Reactions
    15 MICROBIOLOGY/RESISTANCE INFORMATION
    5.2 Clinical Worsening After Bamlanivimab and Etesevimab Administration
    16 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY
    5.3 Limitations of Benefit and Potential for Risk in Patients with Severe COVID-19
    17 ANIMAL PHARMACOLOGIC AND EFFICACY DATA
    6 OVERALL SAFETY SUMMARY
    18 CLINICAL TRIAL RESULTS AND SUPPORTING DATA FOR EUA
    6.1 Clinical Trials Experience
    18.1 Treatment of Mild to Moderate COVID-19 (BLAZE-1)
    7 PATIENT MONITORING RECOMMENDATIONS
    18.2 Post-Exposure Prophylaxis of COVID-19 (BLAZE-2)
    8 ADVERSE REACTIONS AND MEDICATION ERRORS REPORTING REQUIREMENTS AND INSTRUCTIONS
    19 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING
    9 OTHER REPORTING REQUIREMENTS
    20 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION
    10 DRUG INTERACTIONS
    21 CONTACT INFORMATION
    11 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS
    * Sections or subsections omitted from the full prescribing information are not listed.
    11.1 Pregnancy
  • 1 AUTHORIZED USE

    1.1 TREATMENT

    Bamlanivimab and etesevimab administered together are authorized for use under an EUA for the treatment of mild to moderate coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in adults and pediatric patients, including neonates, with positive results of direct SARS-CoV-2 viral testing, and who are at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death.

    Limitations of Authorized Use

    • Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are not authorized for treatment of mild to moderate COVID-19 in geographic regions where infection is likely to have been caused by a non-susceptible SARS-CoV-2 variant based on available information including variant susceptibility to these drugs and regional variant frequency.
      • FDA's determination and any updates will be available at: https://www.fda.gov/emergency-preparedness-and-response/mcm-legal-regulatory-and-policy-framework/emergency-use-authorization#coviddrugs.1
    • Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are not authorized for use in patients 2 years and older who are hospitalized due to COVID-19.2
    • Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are not authorized for use in patients, regardless of age, who:
      • require oxygen therapy and/or respiratory support due to COVID-19, OR
      • require an increase in baseline oxygen flow rate and/or respiratory support due to COVID-19 and are on chronic oxygen therapy and/or respiratory support due to underlying non-COVID-19 related comorbidity.
    • Treatment with bamlanivimab and etesevimab has not been studied in patients hospitalized due to COVID-19. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bamlanivimab and etesevimab, may be associated with worse clinical outcomes when administered to hospitalized patients with COVID-19 requiring high flow oxygen or mechanical ventilation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

    1.2 POST-EXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS

    Bamlanivimab and etesevimab administered together are authorized for use under an EUA for post-exposure prophylaxis of COVID-19 in adults and pediatric individuals, including neonates, who are at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death, and are:

    • not fully vaccinated3 or who are not expected to mount an adequate immune response to complete SARS-CoV-2 vaccination (for example, individuals with immunocompromising conditions including those taking immunosuppressive medications4) and
      • have been exposed to an individual infected with SARS-CoV-2 consistent with close contact criteria per Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)5 or
      • who are at high risk of exposure to an individual infected with SARS-CoV-2 because of occurrence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in other individuals in the same institutional setting (for example, nursing homes, prisons).

    Limitations of Authorized Use

    • Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are not authorized for post-exposure prophylaxis of COVID-19 in geographic regions where exposure is likely to have been to a non-susceptible SARS-CoV-2 variant based on available information including variant susceptibility to these drugs and regional variant frequency.
      • FDA's determination and any updates will be available at: https://www.fda.gov/emergency-preparedness-and-response/mcm-legal-regulatory-and-policy-framework/emergency-use-authorization#coviddrugs.1
    • Post-exposure prophylaxis with bamlanivimab and etesevimab is not a substitute for vaccination against COVID-19.
    • Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are not authorized for pre-exposure prophylaxis for prevention of COVID-19.
  • 2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    2.1 Patient Selection

    The following medical conditions or other factors may place adults and pediatric patients, including neonates, at higher risk for progression to severe COVID-19:

    • Older age (for example age ≥65 years of age)
    • <1 year old
    • Obesity or being overweight
    • Pregnancy
    • Chronic kidney disease
    • Diabetes
    • Immunosuppressive disease or immunosuppressive treatment
    • Cardiovascular disease (including congenital heart disease) or hypertension
    • Chronic lung diseases (for example, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma [moderate-to-severe], interstitial lung disease, cystic fibrosis and pulmonary hypertension)
    • Sickle cell disease
    • Neurodevelopmental disorders (for example, cerebral palsy) or other conditions that confer medical complexity (for example, genetic or metabolic syndromes and severe congenital anomalies)
    • Having a medical-related technological dependence (for example, tracheostomy, gastrostomy, or positive pressure ventilation (not related to COVID-19))

    Other medical conditions or factors (for example, race or ethnicity) may also place individual patients at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19 and authorization of bamlanivimab and etesevimab under the EUA is not limited to the medical conditions or factors listed above. For additional information on medical conditions and factors associated with increased risk for progression to severe COVID-19, see the CDC website: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/need-extra-precautions/people-with-medical-conditions.html. Healthcare providers should consider the benefit-risk for an individual patient.

    2.2 Dosage

    Treatment:

    The dosage in adults (18 years and older) and pediatric patients (<18 years and weighing at least 40 kg) is bamlanivimab 700 mg and etesevimab 1,400 mg. The dosage for pediatric patients weighing less than 40 kg will vary depending on body weight:

    • >20 kg to <40 kg: 350 mg bamlanivimab and 700 mg etesevimab
    • >12 kg to 20 kg: 175 mg bamlanivimab and 350 mg etesevimab
    • 1 kg to 12 kg: 12 mg/kg bamlanivimab and 24 mg/kg etesevimab

    The recommended dosing regimen for pediatric patients ≤12 kg is predicted based on pharmacokinetic modeling and simulation [see Clinical Pharmacology (14.3)]. The youngest participant in the pediatric clinical trial for treatment was 10 months of age and weighed 8.6 kg [see Use in Specific Populations (11.3) and Clinical Trials and Supporting Data for EUA (18.1)].

    For treatment of COVID-19, bamlanivimab and etesevimab should be administered together as soon as possible after positive results of direct SARS-CoV-2 viral testing and within 10 days of symptom onset.

    Post-Exposure Prophylaxis:

    The dosage in adults (18 years and older) and pediatric individuals (<18 years and weighing at least 40 kg) is 700 mg bamlanivimab and 1,400 mg etesevimab administered together as a single intravenous infusion. The dosage for pediatric individuals weighing less than 40 kg will vary depending on body weight:

    • >20 kg to <40 kg: 350 mg bamlanivimab and 700 mg etesevimab
    • >12 kg to 20 kg: 175 mg bamlanivimab and 350 mg etesevimab
    • 1 kg to 12 kg: 12 mg/kg bamlanivimab and 24 mg/kg etesevimab

    The recommended dosing regimen for pediatric patients ≤12 kg is predicted based on pharmacokinetic modeling and simulation [see Clinical Pharmacology (14.3)]. The youngest participant in the pediatric clinical trial for treatment was 10 months of age and weighed 8.6 kg [see Use in Specific Populations (11.3) and Clinical Trials and Supporting Data for EUA (18.1)]. Children were not enrolled in the post-exposure prophylaxis trial, BLAZE-2 [see Clinical Trials and Supporting Data for EUA (18.2)].

    For post-exposure prophylaxis, bamlanivimab and etesevimab should be given together as soon as possible following exposure to SARS-CoV-2.

    Under this EUA, bamlanivimab and etesevimab must be administered together as a single intravenous infusion.

    2.3 Dosage Adjustment in Specific Populations

    Pregnancy or Lactation

    No dosage adjustment is recommended in pregnant or lactating women [see Use in Specific Populations (11.1, 11.2)].

    Pediatric Use

    No dosage adjustment is recommended in pediatric patients <18 years who weigh at least 40 kg. For pediatric patients weighing less than 40 kg, dosage adjustment on the basis of body weight is required [see Dosage and Administration (2.4)]. The recommended dosing regimen for pediatric patients ≤12 kg is predicted based on pharmacokinetic modeling and simulation [see Clinical Pharmacology (14.3)]. The youngest participant in the pediatric clinical trial for treatment was 10 months of age and weighed 8.6 kg [see Use in Specific Populations (11.3) and Clinical Trials and Supporting Data for EUA (18.1)]. Children were not enrolled in the post-exposure prophylaxis trial, BLAZE-2 [see Clinical Trials and Supporting Data for EUA (18.2)].

    Geriatric Use

    No dosage adjustment is recommended in geriatric patients [see Use in Specific Populations (11.4)].

    Renal Impairment

    No dosage adjustment is recommended in patients with renal impairment [see Use in Specific Populations (11.5)].

    Hepatic Impairment

    No dosage adjustment is recommended in patients with mild hepatic impairment. Bamlanivimab and etesevimab has not been studied in patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment [see Use in Specific Populations (11.6)].

    2.4 Dose Preparation and Administration

    General Information

    • Bamlanivimab and etesevimab solution for infusion should be prepared by a qualified healthcare professional using aseptic technique.
    • Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are supplied in individual vials but are administered together.
    • Inspect bamlanivimab and etesevimab vials visually for particulate matter and discoloration. Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are clear to opalescent and colorless to slightly yellow to slightly brown solutions.
    • The prepared infusion solution should not be administered simultaneously with any other medication. The compatibility of bamlanivimab and etesevimab injection with IV solutions and medications other than 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection is not known.
    • If the infusion must be discontinued due to an infusion reaction, discard any unused product.
    • The use of closed system transfer devices (CSTDs), elastomeric pumps, and pneumatic transport with bamlanivimab and etesevimab has not been studied.
    • Clinically monitor patients during administration and observe patients for at least 1 hour after infusion is complete.

    IV Infusion in Adults (≥18 years regardless of weight) and Pediatric Patients (<18 years and weighing at least 40 kg)

    Materials Needed

    • 1 bamlanivimab vial (700 mg/20 mL)
    • 2 etesevimab vials (700 mg/20 mL)
    • 1 polyvinyl chloride (PVC) or polyethylene (PE)-line PVC, sterile prefilled infusion bag containing 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection (sizes 50 mL to 250 mL)
    • 1 PVC or PE-lined PVC infusion set
    • 1 in-line or add-on 0.2/0.22 micron polyethersulfone (PES) filter
    • 0.9% Sodium Chloride for flushing tubing

    Preparation

    • Remove 1 bamlanivimab vial and 2 etesevimab vials from refrigerated storage and allow to equilibrate to room temperature for approximately 20 minutes before preparation. Do not expose to direct heat. Do not shake the vials. Inspect vials.
    • Withdraw 20 mL from one bamlanivimab vial and 40 mL from two etesevimab vials and inject all 60 mL into a prefilled infusion bag containing 0.9% Sodium Chloride (see Table 1).
    • Discard any product remaining in the vials.
    • Gently invert the bag by hand approximately 10 times to mix. Do not shake.
    Table 1: Recommended Dilution and Administration Instructions for Bamlanivimab and Etesevimab for IV Infusiona in Adults (≥18 years regardless of weight) and Pediatric Patients (<18 years and weighing at least 40 kg)

    a 700 mg of bamlanivimab and 1,400 mg of etesevimab are added to the same infusion bag and administered together as a single intravenous infusion.

    b The minimum infusion time for patients weighing at least 40 kg and less than 50 kg who are administered bamlanivimab and etesevimab diluted in a 250-mL prefilled 0.9% Sodium Chloride infusion bag must be extended to at least 70 minutes to reduce endotoxin load.

    Druga: Add 20 mL of bamlanivimab (1 vial) and 40 mL of etesevimab (2 vials) for a total of 60 mL to a prefilled infusion bag and administer as instructed below
    Size of Prefilled 0.9% Sodium Chloride Infusion BagMaximum Infusion RateMinimum Infusion Time
    50 mL 310 mL/hr 21 minutes
    100 mL 310 mL/hr 31 minutes
    150 mL 310 mL/hr 41 minutes
    250 mL
    For patients weighing at least 50 kg
    310 mL/hr 60 minutes
    250 mLb
    For patients weighing ≥40 kg and <50 kg
    266 mL/hr 70 minutes

    Administration

    • These products are preservative-free and therefore, the diluted infusion solution should be administered immediately.
      • If immediate administration is not possible, store the diluted infusion solution for up to 24 hours at refrigerated temperature (2°C to 8°C [36°F to 46°F]) and up to 7 hours at room temperature (20°C to 25°C [68°F to 77°F]) including infusion time. If refrigerated, allow the infusion solution to equilibrate to room temperature for approximately 20 minutes prior to administration.
    • Attach the infusion set to the IV bag. Use of in-line or add-on 0.2/0.22 micron polyethersulfone (PES) filter is strongly recommended.
    • Prime the infusion set.
    • Administer the entire infusion solution in the bag via pump or gravity according to the size of infusion bag used (see Table 1). Due to potential overfill of prefilled saline bags, the entire infusion solution in the bag should be administered to avoid underdosage.
    • Once infusion is complete, flush the tubing with 0.9% Sodium Chloride to ensure delivery of the required dose.

    IV Infusion in Pediatric Patients (<18 years and weighing <40 kg)

    Materials Needed

    IV bagSyringe Pump
    1 bamlanivimab vial (700 mg/20 mL) 1 bamlanivimab vial (700 mg/20 mL)
    1 etesevimab vial (700 mg/20 mL) 1 etesevimab vial (700 mg/20 mL)
    1 sterile, empty 50-mL PVC or PE-lined PVC infusion bag 1 disposable syringe
    1 PVC or PE-lined PVC Infusion set 1 syringe extension set
    1 in-line or add-on 0.2/0.22 micron PES filter 1 syringe pump
    0.9% Sodium Chloride for flushing 0.9% Sodium Chloride for flushing

    Under this EUA, single-dose vials may be used to prepare more than one pediatric dose; in addition, pediatric doses do not need to be diluted for patients <18 years and weighing <40 kg.

    Preparation

    • Remove bamlanivimab and etesevimab vials from refrigerated storage and allow to equilibrate to room temperature for approximately 20 minutes before preparation. Do not expose to direct heat. Do not shake vials. Inspect vials.
    • Withdraw appropriate amounts of bamlanivimab and etesevimab from vials based on body weight and inject into the empty infusion bag or draw into a disposable syringe (see Table 2).
      • Multiple doses of bamlanivimab and etesevimab may be prepared from each product vial (see the storage conditions specified below). Prepare all infusion bags or syringes at the same time. Appropriately label any prepared doses including the patient weight and dose, and time of preparation to minimize risk of medication errors, particularly in cases where multiple doses are prepared simultaneously.
      • Discard any product remaining in the vials after all doses have been prepared.
    • Gently invert the infusion bag or syringe to mix the contents. Do not shake or vigorously agitate.
    Table 2: Recommended Dosing, Preparation and Administration Instructions for Undiluted Bamlanivimab (BAM) and Etesevimab (ETE) for IV Infusion in Pediatric Patients (<18 years and weighing less than 40 kg)

    a Amount of BAM (as mL) and amount of ETE (as mL) for patients weighing up to 12 kg are calculated and rounded to one decimal place.

    Body WeightBAM/ETE dose
    (mg)
    Amount of BAM
    (as mL)
    a
    Amount of ETE
    (as mL)
    a
    Maximum Infusion Rate
    >20 kg to <40 kg 350 mg / 700 mg 10 mL 20 mL 1.88 mL/min
    >12 kg to 20 kg 175 mg / 350 mg 5 mL 10 mL 0.94 mL/min
    >11 kg to 12 kg 138 mg / 276 mg 3.9 mL 7.9 mL 0.74 mL/min
    >10 kg to 11 kg 126 mg / 252 mg 3.6 mL 7.2 mL 0.68 mL/min
    >9 kg to 10 kg 114 mg / 228 mg 3.3 mL 6.5 mL 0.61 mL/min
    >8 kg to 9 kg 102 mg / 204 mg 2.9 mL 5.8 mL 0.54 mL/min
    >7 kg to 8 kg 90 mg / 180 mg 2.6 mL 5.1 mL 0.48 mL/min
    >6 kg to 7 kg 78 mg / 156 mg 2.2 mL 4.5 mL 0.42 mL/min
    >5 kg to 6 kg 66 mg / 132 mg 1.9 mL 3.8 mL 0.36 mL/min
    >4 kg to 5 kg 54 mg / 108 mg 1.5 mL 3.1 mL 0.29 mL/min
    >3 kg to 4 kg 42 mg / 84 mg 1.2 mL 2.4 mL 0.23 mL/min
    >2 kg to 3 kg 30 mg / 60 mg 0.9 mL 1.7 mL 0.16 mL/min
    >1.5 kg to 2 kg 21 mg / 42 mg 0.6 mL 1.2 mL 0.11 mL/min
    1 kg to 1.5 kg 15 mg / 30 mg 0.4 mL 0.9 mL 0.08 mL/min

    Administration

    • These products are preservative-free and therefore, the infusion solution should be administered immediately.
      • If immediate administration is not possible, store the infusion solution for up to 24 hours at refrigerated temperature (2°C to 8°C [36°F to 46°F]) and up to 7 hours at room temperature (20°C to 25°C [68°F to 77°F]) including infusion time. If refrigerated, allow the infusion solution to equilibrate to room temperature for approximately 20 minutes prior to administration.
    • IV bag:
      • Attach the infusion set to the IV bag. Use of in-line or add-on 0.2/0.22 micron polyethersulfone (PES) filter is strongly recommended.
      • Prime the infusion set.
      • Administer the entire infusion solution in the bag via pump or gravity over at least 16 minutes (see Table 2).
      • Once infusion is complete, flush the tubing with 0.9% Sodium Chloride to ensure delivery of the required dose.
    • Syringe Pump:
      • Administer the entire contents of the syringe via syringe pump over at least 16 minutes (see Table 2).
      • After the entire contents of the syringe have been administered, flush the extension set with 0.9% Sodium Chloride to ensure delivery of the required dose.
  • 3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

    Bamlanivimab is a sterile, preservative-free, clear to opalescent and colorless to slightly yellow to slightly brown solution available as:

    • Injection: 700 mg/20 mL (35 mg/mL) in a single-dose* vial.

    Etesevimab is a sterile, preservative-free, clear to opalescent and colorless to slightly yellow to slightly brown solution available as:

    • Injection: 700 mg/20 mL (35 mg/mL) in a single-dose* vial.

    * Under this EUA, single-dose vials may be used to prepare more than one pediatric dose.

  • 4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

    None.

  • 5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    There are limited clinical data available for bamlanivimab and etesevimab. Serious and unexpected adverse events may occur that have not been previously reported with use of bamlanivimab and etesevimab together.

    5.1 Hypersensitivity Including Anaphylaxis and Infusion-Related Reactions

    Serious hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis, have been observed with administration of bamlanivimab and etesevimab. If signs and symptoms of a clinically significant hypersensitivity reaction or anaphylaxis occur, immediately discontinue administration and initiate appropriate medications and/or supportive care.

    Infusion-related reactions, occurring during the infusion and up to 24 hours after the infusion, have been observed with administration of bamlanivimab and etesevimab together. These reactions may be severe or life threatening.

    Signs and symptoms of infusion related reactions may include [see Overall Safety Summary (6.1)]:

    • fever, difficulty breathing, reduced oxygen saturation, chills, fatigue, arrhythmia (e.g., atrial fibrillation, sinus tachycardia, bradycardia), chest pain or discomfort, weakness, altered mental status, nausea, headache, bronchospasm, hypotension, hypertension, angioedema, throat irritation, rash including urticaria, pruritus, myalgia, vasovagal reactions (e.g., pre-syncope, syncope), dizziness and diaphoresis.

    Consider slowing or stopping the infusion and administer appropriate medications and/or supportive care if an infusion-related reaction occurs.

    Hypersensitivity reactions occurring more than 24 hours after the infusion have also been reported with the use of bamlanivimab and etesevimab under Emergency Use Authorization.

    5.2 Clinical Worsening After Bamlanivimab and Etesevimab Administration

    Clinical worsening of COVID-19 after administration of bamlanivimab and etesevimab together has been reported and may include signs or symptoms of fever, hypoxia or increased respiratory difficulty, arrhythmia (e.g., atrial fibrillation, sinus tachycardia, bradycardia), fatigue, and altered mental status. Some of these events required hospitalization. It is not known if these events were related to bamlanivimab and etesevimab use or were due to progression of COVID-19.

    5.3 Limitations of Benefit and Potential for Risk in Patients with Severe COVID-19

    Treatment with bamlanivimab and etesevimab has not been studied in patients hospitalized due to COVID-19. Monoclonal antibodies, such bamlanivimab and etesevimab, may be associated with worse clinical outcomes when administered to hospitalized patients with COVID-19 requiring high flow oxygen or mechanical ventilation. Therefore,

    • Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are not authorized for use in patients 2 years and older who are hospitalized due to COVID-192,
    • Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are not authorized for use in patients, regardless of age, who:
      • require oxygen therapy and/or respiratory support due to COVID-19, OR
      • require an increase in baseline oxygen flow rate and/or respiratory support due to COVID-19 and are on chronic oxygen therapy and/or respiratory support due to underlying non-COVID-19 related comorbidity [see Limitations of Authorized Use (1.1)].
  • 6 OVERALL SAFETY SUMMARY

    6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

    Adults (≥18 Years) and Pediatric Patients (<18 Years and weighing at least 40 kg)

    The safety of bamlanivimab administered with etesevimab is primarily based on exposure of approximately 1,400 ambulatory (non-hospitalized) subjects who received doses of bamlanivimab and etesevimab together, at the recommended dose or higher, in BLAZE-1 and BLAZE-4. BLAZE-1 is a Phase 2/3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial studying bamlanivimab and etesevimab administered together for the treatment of subjects with mild to moderate COVID-19. Thirty-four pediatric patients (ages 12 to <18 years and weighing at least 40 kg) were included in the Phase 3 portion of BLAZE-1 (14 received placebo, 14 received the authorized dose or a higher dose for their age, and 6 received a lower dose than authorized for their age). In the Phase 3 portion of the trial, enrolled participants had at least one risk factor for the development of severe COVID-19 illness. BLAZE-4 is a Phase 2, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial studying bamlanivimab and etesevimab for the treatment of subjects with mild to moderate COVID-19. Subjects ≥65 years old or with BMI ≥35 were excluded from enrollment. In clinical trials, approximately 4,000 subjects have received bamlanivimab (either alone or with etesevimab) at doses ranging from 700 to 7,000 mg. Bamlanivimab and etesevimab at the authorized doses of 700 mg and 1,400 mg have been administered together to approximately 800 subjects in clinical trials [see Clinical Pharmacology (14.2)].

    The following adverse reactions (i.e., adverse events assessed as causally related) have been observed in those who have received bamlanivimab and etesevimab together at the authorized dose or higher [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]:

    • anaphylaxis (n=1, 0.07%)
    • infusion-related reactions (n=16, 1.1%)

    In the case of anaphylaxis and serious infusion-related reactions, all infusions were stopped, and treatment was administered. One case required epinephrine. All events resolved.

    The most common treatment-emergent adverse events in the bamlanivimab and etesevimab treatment group in BLAZE-1 and BLAZE-4 included nausea, dizziness, and pruritus. No treatment-emergent adverse events occurred in more than 1% of participants and the rates were comparable in the treatment and placebo groups.

    Pediatric Patients (Birth to <18 Years)

    In addition to the 34 pediatric patients (ages 12 to <18 and weighing at least 40 kg) enrolled in the Phase 3 portion of BLAZE-1, an open-label pediatric addendum to BLAZE-1 enrolled 40 patients aged 12 to <18, 36 aged 6 to <12, 10 aged 2 to <6, and 5 birth to <2 for a total of 125 pediatric patients. All pediatric patients had at least one risk factor for the development of severe COVID-19 illness. Pediatric patients weighing 8.6 kg to <40 kg received doses of bamlanivimab and etesevimab that were adjusted for their body weight, to achieve comparable exposures as adults and adolescents receiving the authorized dosage of bamlanivimab 700 mg and etesevimab 1,400 mg, respectively. The adverse drug reaction profile in pediatric patients is consistent with the established profile.

  • 7 PATIENT MONITORING RECOMMENDATIONS

    Clinically monitor patients during administration and observe patients for at least 1 hour after infusion is complete [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1) and Overall Safety Summary (6.1)].

  • 8 ADVERSE REACTIONS AND MEDICATION ERRORS REPORTING REQUIREMENTS AND INSTRUCTIONS

    Clinical trials evaluating the safety of bamlanivimab and etesevimab are ongoing [see Overall Safety Summary (6)].

    Completion of FDA MedWatch Form to report all medication errors and serious adverse events* occurring during bamlanivimab and etesevimab use and considered to be potentially related to bamlanivimab and etesevimab is mandatory and must be done by the prescribing healthcare provider and/or the provider's designee. These adverse events must be reported within 7 calendar days from the onset of the event:

    *Serious adverse events are defined as:

    • death;
    • a life-threatening adverse event;
    • inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization;
    • a persistent or significant incapacity or substantial disruption of the ability to conduct normal life functions;
    • a congenital anomaly/birth defect;
    • a medical or surgical intervention to prevent death, a life-threatening event, hospitalization, disability, or congenital anomaly.

    If a serious and unexpected adverse event occurs and appears to be associated with the use of bamlanivimab and etesevimab under this EUA, the prescribing healthcare provider and/or the provider's designee must complete and submit a MedWatch form to FDA using one of the following methods:

    • Complete and submit the report online: www.fda.gov/medwatch/report.htm, or
    • Complete and submit a postage-paid FDA Form 3500 (https://www.fda.gov/media/76299/download) and return by:
      • Mail to MedWatch, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20852-9787, or
      • Fax (1-800-FDA- 0178), or
    • Call 1-800-FDA-1088 to request a reporting form

    IMPORTANT: When reporting adverse events or medication errors to MedWatch, please complete the entire form with detailed information. It is important that the information reported to FDA be as detailed and complete as possible. Information that must be included:

    • Patient demographics (e.g., patient initials, date of birth)
    • Pertinent medical history
    • Pertinent details regarding adverse events and course of illness
    • Concomitant medications
    • Timing of adverse event(s) in relationship to administration of bamlanivimab and etesevimab
    • Pertinent laboratory and virology information
    • Outcome of the event and any additional follow-up information if it is available at the time of the MedWatch report. Subsequent reporting of follow-up information should be completed if additional details become available.

    The following steps are highlighted to provide the necessary information for safety tracking:

    1. In section A, box 1, provide the patient's initials in the Patient Identifier
    2. In section A, box 2, provide the patient's date of birth
    3. In section B, box 5, description of the event:
      1. Write “bamlanivimab and etesevimab use for COVID-19 under Emergency Use Authorization (EUA)” as the first line
      2. Provide a detailed report of medication error and/or adverse event. It is important to provide detailed information regarding the patient and adverse event/medication error for ongoing safety evaluation of this unapproved drug. Please see information to include listed above.
    4. In section G, box 1, name and address:
      1. Provide the name and contact information of the prescribing healthcare provider or institutional designee who is responsible for the report.
      2. Provide the address of the treating institution (NOT the healthcare provider's office address).
  • 9 OTHER REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

    • Healthcare facilities and providers must report therapeutics information and utilization data through HHS Protect, Teletracking or National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) as directed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
    • In addition, please provide a copy of all FDA MedWatch forms to:
      Eli Lilly and Company, Global Patient Safety
      Fax: 1-317-277-0853
      E-mail: mailindata_gsmtindy@lilly.com
      Or call Eli Lilly and Company at 1-855-LillyC19 (1-855-545-5921) to report adverse events.
  • 10 DRUG INTERACTIONS

    Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are not renally excreted or metabolized by cytochrome P450 enzymes; therefore, interactions with concomitant medications that are renally excreted or that are substrates, inducers, or inhibitors of cytochrome P450 enzymes are unlikely.

  • 11 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    11.1 Pregnancy

    Risk Summary

    There are insufficient data to evaluate a drug-associated risk of major birth defects, miscarriage, or adverse maternal or fetal outcomes. Bamlanivimab and etesevimab should only be used during pregnancy if the potential benefit outweighs the potential risk for the mother and the fetus. There are maternal and fetal risks associated with untreated COVID-19 in pregnancy (see Clinical Considerations).

    Nonclinical reproductive toxicity studies have not been performed with bamlanivimab or etesevimab. In tissue cross reactivity studies using human fetal tissues, no binding of clinical concern was detected for etesevimab or bamlanivimab. Human immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1) antibodies are known to cross the placental barrier; therefore, bamlanivimab and etesevimab have the potential to be transferred from the mother to the developing fetus. It is unknown whether the potential transfer of bamlanivimab or etesevimab provides any treatment benefit or risk to the developing fetus.

    The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2 to 4% and 15 to 20%, respectively.

    Clinical Considerations

    Disease-Associated Maternal and/or Embryo-Fetal Risk

    COVID-19 in pregnancy is associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcomes, including preeclampsia, eclampsia, preterm birth, premature rupture of membranes, venous thromboembolic disease, and fetal death.

    11.2 Lactation

    Risk Summary

    There are no available data on the presence of bamlanivimab or etesevimab in human or animal milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects on milk production. Maternal IgG is known to be present in human milk. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother's clinical need for bamlanivimab and etesevimab and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed child from bamlanivimab and etesevimab or from the underlying maternal condition. Breastfeeding individuals with COVID-19 should follow practices according to clinical guidelines to avoid exposing the infant to COVID-19.

    11.3 Pediatric Use

    Bamlanivimab and etesevimab administered together are authorized for the treatment of mild to moderate COVID-19 and post-exposure prophylaxis for prevention of COVID-19 in pediatric patients, including neonates [see Authorized Use (1)]. Given the similar course of COVID-19, the authorization of bamlanivimab and etesevimab for treatment and post-exposure prophylaxis in younger pediatric patients, including neonates, is supported by safety and efficacy data in adolescents and adults, together with additional pharmacokinetic and safety data from the clinical trial in pediatric patients studying bamlanivimab and etesevimab for the treatment of mild to moderate COVID-19.

    Use of bamlanivimab and etesevimab in pediatric patients is based on analyses of data from BLAZE-1 in subjects aged 10 months to 18 years of age [see Clinical Pharmacology (14.3) and Clinical Trials and Supporting Data for EUA (18.1)]. No dosage adjustment is recommended in pediatric patients 12-18 years of age who weigh at least 40 kg. Pediatric patients weighing less than 40 kg should be dosed on the basis of body weight [see Dosage and Administration (2.2, 2.4)]. The recommended dosing regimen for pediatric patients ≤12 kg is predicted based on pharmacokinetic modeling and simulation [see Clinical Pharmacology (14.3)]. The youngest participant in the pediatric clinical trial for treatment was 10 months of age and weighed 8.6 kg [see Clinical Trials and Supporting Data for EUA (18.1)]. Safety in pediatric patients was similar to what was observed in adults [see Clinical Trial Experience (6.1)]. Children were not enrolled in the post-exposure prophylaxis trial, BLAZE-2 [see Clinical Trials and Supporting Data for EUA (18.2)].

    11.4 Geriatric Use

    Of the 1141 patients receiving bamlanivimab and etesevimab in BLAZE-1, 30% were 65 years of age and older and 10% were 75 years of age and older. Based on population PK analyses, there is no difference in PK of bamlanivimab or etesevimab in geriatric patients compared to younger patients [see Clinical Trial Results and Supporting Data for EUA (18.1)].

    11.5 Renal Impairment

    Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are not eliminated intact in the urine, thus renal impairment is not expected to affect the exposure of bamlanivimab or etesevimab.

    11.6 Hepatic Impairment

    Based on population PK analysis, there is no difference in PK of bamlanivimab or etesevimab in patients with mild hepatic impairment compared to patients with normal hepatic function. Bamlanivimab and etesevimab have not been studied in patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment.

    11.7 Other Specific Populations

    Based on population PK analysis, the PK of bamlanivimab and etesevimab was not affected by sex, race, or disease severity. Body weight had no clinically relevant effect on the PK of bamlanivimab and etesevimab in adults with COVID-19 over the body weight range of 41 kg to 173 kg.

  • 12 OVERDOSAGE

    Doses up to 7,000 mg of bamlanivimab (10 times the authorized dose of bamlanivimab for adults [≥18 years] and pediatric patients [<18 years weighing at least 40 kg]) or 7,000 mg of etesevimab (5 times the authorized dose of etesevimab for adults [≥18 years] and pediatric patients [<18 years weighing at least 40 kg]) have been administered in clinical trials without dose-limiting toxicity. Treatment of overdose with bamlanivimab and etesevimab should consist of general supportive measures including monitoring of vital signs and observation of the clinical status of the patient. There is no specific antidote for overdose with either bamlanivimab or etesevimab.

  • 13 DESCRIPTION

    Bamlanivimab

    Bamlanivimab is a human immunoglobulin G-1 (IgG1 variant) monoclonal antibody consisting of 2 identical light chain polypeptides composed of 214 amino acids each and 2 identical heavy chain polypeptides composed of 455 amino acids produced by a Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cell line and molecular weight of 146 kDa.

    Bamlanivimab injection is a sterile, preservative-free, clear to opalescent and colorless to slightly yellow to slightly brown solution in a vial for intravenous infusion.

    Each mL contains 35 mg of bamlanivimab, and L-histidine (0.4 mg), L-histidine hydrochloride monohydrate (0.6 mg), sodium chloride (2.9 mg), sucrose (60 mg), polysorbate 80 (0.5 mg), and Water for Injection. The bamlanivimab solution has a pH range of 5.5-6.5.

    Etesevimab

    Etesevimab is a human IgG1 variant monoclonal antibody (mAb) consisting of 2 identical light chain polypeptides composed of 216 amino acids each and 2 identical heavy chain polypeptides composed of 449 amino acids produced by a Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cell line and molecular weight of 145 kDa.

    Etesevimab injection is a sterile, preservative-free, clear to opalescent and colorless to slightly yellow to slightly brown solution in a vial for intravenous infusion.

    Each mL contains 35 mg of etesevimab, L-histidine (1.55 mg), L-histidine hydrochloride monohydrate (2.10 mg), sucrose (80.4 mg), polysorbate 80 (0.5 mg), and Water for injection. The etesevimab solution has a pH range of 5.5.-6.5.

  • 14 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    14.1 Mechanism of Action

    Bamlanivimab is a recombinant neutralizing human IgG1ϰ monoclonal antibody (mAb) to the spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 and is unmodified in the Fc region. Bamlanivimab binds the spike protein with a dissociation constant KD = 0.071 nM and blocks spike protein attachment to the human ACE2 receptor with an IC50 value of 0.17 nM (0.025 μg/mL).

    Etesevimab is a recombinant neutralizing human IgG1ϰ mAb to the spike protein of SARS-CoV-2, with amino acid substitutions in the Fc region (L234A, L235A) to reduce effector function. Etesevimab binds the spike protein with a dissociation constant KD = 6.45 nM and blocks spike protein attachment to the human ACE2 receptor with an IC50 value of 0.32 nM (0.046 μg/mL).

    Bamlanivimab and etesevimab bind to different but overlapping epitopes in the receptor binding domain (RBD) of the S-protein. Using both antibodies together is expected to reduce the risk of viral resistance.

    14.2 Pharmacodynamics

    A flat exposure-response relationship for efficacy was identified for bamlanivimab and etesevimab administered together within the dose range of 700 mg bamlanivimab and 1,400 mg etesevimab to 2,800 mg bamlanivimab and 2,800 mg etesevimab (4 and 2 times the authorized dose, respectively), based on clinical data and pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic modeling.

    For post-exposure prophylaxis of COVID-19, a dose of 700 mg bamlanivimab and 1,400 mg etesevimab was supported based on clinical data and pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic modeling.

    14.3 Pharmacokinetics

    A summary of PK parameters of bamlanivimab and etesevimab following administration of a single dose of 700 mg bamlanivimab and 1,400 mg etesevimab is provided in Table 3. There is no change in PK of bamlanivimab or etesevimab administered alone or together suggesting there is no interaction between the two antibodies. There were no differences in PK of etesevimab between mild/moderate ambulatory participants and healthy participants.

    Table 3: Pharmacokinetic Parameters of Bamlanivimab (BAM) and Etesevimab (ETE) Administered IV in Adults

    Abbreviations: CV = coefficient of variation; Cmax = maximum concentration; AUCinf = area under the concentration versus time curve from zero to infinity; Vss = steady-state volume of distribution.

    a N = number of subjects simulated using the PK model.

    b The number of subjects for Vss, half-life, and clearance are based on a population PK model that included bamlanivimab doses up to 7,000 mg and etesevimab doses up to 2,800 mg.

    NBAM
    (700 mg)
    ETE
    (1400 mg)
    Systemic Exposure
       Geometric Mean (%CV) Cmax, mcg/mL 270 187 (41.7) 422 (41.2)
       Geometric Mean (%CV) Cday 29, mcg/mL 311 BAM; 320 ETE 25.7 (42.9) 116 (38.1)
       Median (5th,95th percentile) Cweek 8, mcg/mL 1000a10.1 (3.59, 22.9) 58.3 (26.8, 117)
       Geometric Mean (%CV) AUCinf, mcg day/mL 499 2500 (28.0) 10600 (29.9)
    Distribution
       Geometric Mean (%CV) Vss (L) 1899 BAM; 1498 ETEb6.59 (24.9) 5.78 (24.7)
    Elimination
       Geometric Mean (%CV) Elimination Half-Life (day) 1899 BAM; 1498 ETEb20.9 (17.3) 32.6 (21.7)
       Geometric Mean (%CV) Clearance (L/day) 1899 BAM; 1498 ETEb0.274 (31.5) 0.134 (32.5)

    Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are expected to be degraded into small peptides and component amino acids via catabolic pathways in the same manner as endogenous IgG antibodies.

    Special Populations:

    The PK profiles of bamlanivimab and etesevimab were not affected by age, sex, race, or disease severity based on a population PK analysis. Body weight had no clinically relevant effect on the PK of bamlanivimab or etesevimab in adults with COVID-19 over the body weight range of 41 kg to 173 kg [see Use in Specific Populations (11.4, 11.7)].

    Pediatric population

    The PK of bamlanivimab and etesevimab has been evaluated in 88 pediatric patients <18 years who received weight-based dosing [see Dosage and Administration (2.2)]. The data show that weight-based dosing in pediatric patients provides comparable plasma exposures to those observed in adults who received bamlanivimab 700 mg and etesevimab 1,400 mg. No dosage adjustment is recommended in pediatric patients <18 years who weigh at least 40 kg. Pediatric patients weighing less than 40 kg should be dosed on the basis of body weight [see Dosage and Administration (2.2, 2.4)]. The recommended dosing regimen for pediatric patients ≤12 kg is predicted to result in similar exposures when compared to exposures achieved in adults receiving bamlanivimab 700 mg and etesevimab 1,400 mg based on pharmacokinetic modeling and simulation. The youngest participant in the pediatric treatment trial was 10 months of age and weighed 8.6 kg [see Clinical Trials and Supporting Data for EUA (18.1)].

    Table 4: Pharmacokinetic Parameters of Bamlanivimab (BAM) and Etesevimab (ETE) Administered IV in Pediatric Patients

    Abbreviations: CV = coefficient of variation; Cmax = maximum concentration; AUCinf = area under the concentration versus time curve from zero to infinity.

    Body Weight≥40 kg>20 to <40 kg>12 to ≤20 kg≤12 kg
    BAM / ETE Dose700 mg / 1400 mg350 mg / 700 mg175 mg / 350 mg15 mg/kg / 30 mg/kg
    BAM: Geometric Mean (%CV) [n]
       Cmax, mcg/mL 235 (51.0) [52] 239 (39.1) [16] 243 (66.0) [7] 371 (9.8) [2]
       Cday 29, mcg/mL 26.8 (50.2) [34] 26.1 (32.5) [8] 23.0 (53.0) [3] [0]
       AUCinf, mcg day/mL 2760 (30.7) [66] 2780 (25.7) [20] 2430 (28.4) [9] 3000 (19.1) [3]
    ETE: Geometric Mean (%CV) [n]
       Cmax, mcg/mL 508 (50.6) [50] 444 (26.6) [14] 444 (64.9) [7] 831 (16.8) [2]
       Cday 29, mcg/mL 133 (46.8) [34] 138 (29.5) [8] 125 (51.5) [3] [0]
       AUCinf, mcg day/mL 12900 (32.4) [66] 12400 (23.2) [20] 11300 (29.6) [9] 13500 (13.0) [3]

    Patients with renal impairment

    Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are not eliminated intact in the urine. Renal impairment is not expected to impact the PK of bamlanivimab and etesevimab, since mAbs with molecular weight >69 kDa are known not to undergo renal elimination. Similarly, dialysis is not expected to impact the PK of bamlanivimab and etesevimab [see Use in Specific Populations (11.5)].

    Patients with hepatic impairment

    Based on population PK analysis, there is no significant difference in PK of bamlanivimab or etesevimab in patients with mild hepatic impairment compared to patients with normal hepatic function. Bamlanivimab and etesevimab have not been studied in patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment [see Use in Specific Populations (11.6)].

    Drug interactions:

    Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are not renally excreted or metabolized by cytochrome P450 enzymes; therefore, interactions with concomitant medications that are renally excreted or that are substrates, inducers, or inhibitors of cytochrome P450 enzymes are unlikely.

  • 15 MICROBIOLOGY/RESISTANCE INFORMATION

    Antiviral Activity

    The cell culture neutralization activity of bamlanivimab and of etesevimab against SARS-CoV-2 was measured in a dose-response model quantifying plaque reduction using cultured Vero E6 cells. Bamlanivimab, etesevimab and a 1:1 (weight/weight) ratio of bamlanivimab and etesevimab together neutralized the USA/WA/1/2020 isolate of SARS-CoV-2 with estimated EC50 values = 0.14 nM (0.02 μg/mL), 0.97 nM (0.14 μg/mL) and 0.14 nM (0.02 μg/mL), respectively.

    Bamlanivimab demonstrated antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity on reporter Jurkat cells expressing FcγRIIIa following engagement with target cells expressing spike protein. Bamlanivimab did not elicit complement-dependent cytotoxicity activity in cell-based assays.

    Etesevimab did not demonstrate detectable antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity on Jurkat reporter cells expressing FcγRIIIa. Etesevimab did not elicit complement-dependent cytotoxicity activity in cell-based assays.

    Antibody Dependent Enhancement (ADE) of Infection

    The risk that bamlanivimab and etesevimab could mediate viral uptake and replication by immune cells was studied in THP-1 and Raji cell lines and primary human macrophages. In general, experiments with bamlanivimab, with etesevimab, and with bamlanivimab and etesevimab together did not demonstrate productive viral infection in immune cells exposed to SARS-CoV-2 at concentrations of mAb(s) down to at least 100-fold below the respective EC50 value(s).

    Antiviral Resistance

    There is a potential risk of treatment failure due to the development of viral variants that are resistant to bamlanivimab and/or etesevimab (Table 5). There are other authorized treatments available and healthcare providers should choose an authorized therapeutic option with activity against circulating variants in their state, territory, or US jurisdiction. Variant frequency data for states, territories, and US jurisdictions can be accessed on the following CDC website: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/cases-updates/variant-proportions.html.

    Resistant variants were identified using directed evolution of the spike protein and serial passage in cell culture of SARS-CoV-2 in the presence of bamlanivimab or etesevimab individually. Resistant variants were not identified when bamlanivimab and etesevimab were tested together using the same methodology. Viral variants identified in these studies that had reduced susceptibility to bamlanivimab included spike protein amino acid substitutions E484D/K/Q, F490S, Q493R, and S494P, and variants that had reduced susceptibility to etesevimab included substitutions K417N, D420N, and N460K/S/T/Y. Neutralization assays using SARS-CoV-2 and vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) virus-like particles (VLP) pseudotyped with variant SARS-CoV-2 spike protein confirmed reductions in susceptibility to the selecting antibody. Retention of susceptibility to the other antibody alone was observed, with the exception of the E484D and Q493R substitution. All variants maintained susceptibility to bamlanivimab and etesevimab together, with the exception of those with E484D, E484K, E484Q, and Q493R substitutions, which had reduced susceptibility of 145-fold, 24-fold, 17-fold, and 1,054-fold, respectively in a pseudotyped VLP assay.

    Evaluation of susceptibility of variants identified through global surveillance in subjects treated with bamlanivimab and etesevimab is ongoing. Pseudotyped VLP evaluation of amino acid substitutions identified in global surveillance showed that the V483A substitution reduced susceptibility to bamlanivimab 48-fold, but activity was maintained with etesevimab, and with bamlanivimab and etesevimab together. N501Y and N501T substitutions reduced susceptibility to etesevimab approximately 5-fold and 20-fold, respectively. Activity against variants with N501Y or N501T substitutions was maintained with bamlanivimab alone, and with bamlanivimab and etesevimab together.

    Bamlanivimab and etesevimab together retained activity against a SARS-CoV-2 B.1.1.7 lineage (Alpha; UK origin) virus and related pseudotyped VLPs expressing the spike protein found in the B.1.1.7 variant (Tables 5 and 6). SARS-CoV-2 B.1.351 lineage (Beta; South Africa origin) virus and related pseudotyped VLPs expressing spike proteins from B.1.351 lineage or substitutions K417N + E484K + N501Y found in this lineage had reduced susceptibility to bamlanivimab and etesevimab together of >324, 431-fold or >45-fold, respectively. Pseudotyped VLPs expressing spike protein from the P.1 lineage (Gamma; Brazil origin) or K417T + E484K + N501Y found in the P.1 lineage had reduced susceptibility to bamlanivimab and etesevimab together of 252-fold or >3,351-fold, respectively.

    Bamlanivimab and etesevimab together and etesevimab alone retained activity against SARS-CoV-2 B.1.617.2 lineage (Delta; India origin) virus and related pseudotyped VLPs, but bamlanivimab alone had reduced activity (>1,136 and >1,868-fold, respectively). Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are expected to retain activity against B.1.617.2 sublineage AY.3 (India origin). B.1.617.2 sublineages AY.1/AY.2 (India origin) have an additional K417N substitution; pseudotyped VLPs expressing AY.1/AY.2 related spike sequence had a reduced susceptibility to bamlanivimab and etesevimab together of 1,235-fold. SARS-CoV-2 recombinant virus containing the L452R substitution present in B.1.427/B.1.429 lineages (Epsilon; USA [California] origin) and pseudotyped VLPs expressing the full-length spike protein or the L452R substitution found in this lineage showed reduced susceptibility to bamlanivimab and etesevimab together of 11-fold, 9-fold or 5-fold, respectively. Pseudotyped VLPs expressing spike protein from the B.1.617.1 lineage (Kappa; India origin) showed reduced susceptibility to bamlanivimab and etesevimab together of 6-fold; for this variant, susceptibility to etesevimab alone was maintained, but not to bamlanivimab alone (>1,030-fold reduction). Bamlanivimab and etesevimab together and etesevimab alone retained activity against pseudotyped VLPs expressing the full-length spike protein from the C.37 lineage (Lambda; Peru origin), but bamlanivimab alone had reduced activity (>2,112-fold reduction). Pseudotyped VLPs expressing spike protein from the B.1.621 lineage (Mu; Colombia origin) show reduced susceptibility to bamlanivimab and etesevimab together of 116-fold, due to susceptibility reductions to bamlanivimab (>1,863-fold) and etesevimab (17-fold) alone. Pseudotyped VLPs expressing the spike protein from the B.1.1.529/BA.1 lineage (Omicron; South Africa origin) show reduced susceptibility to bamlanivimab alone (>1,465-fold), etesevimab alone (>616-fold), and bamlanivimab and etesevimab together (>2,938-fold).

    Table 5: Pseudotyped Virus-Like Particle Neutralization Data for SARS-CoV-2 Variant Substitutions with Bamlanivimab and Etesevimab Together (1:2 Molar Ratio)

    a Key substitutions occurring in the receptor binding domain of spike protein are listed. Pseudoviruses containing the full-length spike protein reflective of the consensus sequence for each of the variant lineages were tested.

    b No change: <5-fold reduction in susceptibility.

    c Bamlanivimab and etesevimab together are unlikely to be active against variants from this lineage.

    d Etesevimab retains activity against this variant.

    e Isolates of the B.1.526 lineage harbor several spike protein amino acid substitutions, and not all isolates contain the E484K substitution (as of February 2021).

    Lineage with Spike Protein SubstitutionCountry First IdentifiedWHO NomenclatureKey Substitutions TestedaFold Reduction in Susceptibility
    B.1.1.7 UK Alpha N501Y no changeb
    B.1.351 South Africa Beta K417N + E484K + N501Y 431c
    P.1 Brazil Gamma K417T + E484K + N501Y 252c
    B.1.617.2/AY.3 India Delta L452R + T478K no changeb
    AY.1/AY.2
    (B.1.617.2 sublineages)
    India Delta [+K417N] L452R + T478K + K417N 1,235c
    B.1.427/B.1.429 USA (California) Epsilon L452R 9d
    B.1.526eUSA (New York) Iota E484K 30
    B.1.617.1 India Kappa L452R + E484Q 6d
    C.37 Peru Lambda L452Q + F490S no changeb
    B.1.621 Colombia Mu R346K + E484K + N501Y 116c
    B.1.1.529/BA.1 South Africa Omicron G339D + S371L + S373P + S375F + K417N + N440K + G446S + S477N + T478K + E484A + Q493R + G493S + Q498R + N501Y + Y505H >2,938c
    Table 6: Authentica SARS-CoV-2 Neutralization Data for Bamlanivimab and Etesevimab Together (1:2 Molar Ratio)

    a The B.1.1.7 variant was assessed using cell culture-expanded virus isolates and tested using an immunofluorescence based microneutralization assay and by plaque reduction assay; B.1.351 and B.1.617.2 variants were assessed using cell culture-expanded virus isolates and tested using a plaque reduction assay; the B.1.526/E484K and B.1.427/B.1.429/L452R substitutions were assessed using recombinant SARS-CoV-2 (USA/WA/1/2020 isolate with E484K or L452R) and tested using a plaque reduction assay.

    b Key substitutions occurring in receptor binding domain of spike protein which are associated with each lineage.

    c No change: <5-fold reduction in susceptibility.

    d Isolates of the B.1.526 lineage harbor several spike protein amino acid substitutions, and not all isolates contain the E484K substitution (as of February 2021). This assay was conducted using recombinant SARS-CoV-2 with the E484K substitution only.

    Lineage with Spike Protein SubstitutionCountry First IdentifiedWHO NomenclatureKey Substitutions TestedbFold Reduction in Susceptibility
    B.1.1.7 UK Alpha N501Y no changec
    B.1.351 South Africa Beta K417N, E484K, N501Y >324
    B.1.617.2/AY.3 India Delta L452R, T478K no changec
    B.1.427/B.1.429 USA (California) Epsilon L452R 11
    B.1.526dUSA (New York) Iota E484K 11

    Due to the large reduction of pseudotyped VLP neutralization activity of both bamlanivimab and etesevimab against the substitutions in B.1.351 (Beta; South Africa origin), P.1 (Gamma; Brazil origin), AY.1/AY.2 (Delta [+K417N]; India origin), B.1.621 (Mu; Colombia origin), and B.1.1.529/BA.1 (Omicron; South Africa origin), it is unlikely that bamlanivimab and etesevimab together will be active against these variants.

    It is unclear how small reductions in susceptibility to bamlanivimab and etesevimab seen in authentic or recombinant SARS-CoV-2 or pseudotyped VLP assays correlate with clinical outcomes.

    In authentic SARS-CoV-2 assays, bamlanivimab and etesevimab together retained activity against variants of B.1.1.7 (Alpha) and B.1.617.2/AY.3 (Delta) lineages (Table 6), although bamlanivimab alone had reduced activity to B.1.617.2/AY.3 (Delta) in this assay (>1,136-fold). SARS-CoV-2 (USA/WA/1/2020 isolate) engineered to express the E484K substitution present in the B.1.526 lineage (Iota; USA [New York] origin) or the L452R substitution present in the B.1.427/B.1.429 lineage (Epsilon; USA [California] origin) showed reduced susceptibility to bamlanivimab and etesevimab together of 11-fold. Susceptibility to etesevimab alone was maintained for both isolates, but not to bamlanivimab alone (>833-fold and >1,460-fold reduction for E484K and L452R viruses, respectively). Available nonclinical and clinical PK data indicate that etesevimab at the authorized dose may retain activity against the B.1.526 variant clinically, although only very limited data are currently available from patients infected with this variant in clinical trials. Preliminary clinical evidence indicates that the administration of bamlanivimab and etesevimab together result in similar viral load reductions in participants infected with the L452R variant (Epsilon; USA [California] origin) as observed in those who were infected with bamlanivimab-sensitive strains. Of the 134 participants infected with the L452R variant at baseline in the Phase 3 portion of BLAZE-1, 3 of the 50 individuals treated with placebo (6%) and 1 of the 84 participants treated with bamlanivimab 700 mg and etesevimab 1,400 mg (1%) were hospitalized (p=0.15).

    Genotypic and phenotypic testing are ongoing to monitor for potential bamlanivimab- and etesevimab-resistance associated spike variations in clinical trials. Analysis of baseline samples show that 8.4% (188/2246) of clinical trial patients were infected with viral variants containing single amino acid substitutions at positions associated with reduced susceptibility to either bamlanivimab or etesevimab as predicted by pseudotyped VLP or authentic SARS-CoV-2 neutralization assays. No patients were infected with a variant that was predicted to have reduced susceptibility to both bamlanivimab and etesevimab by these assessments.

    Patient samples were also analyzed for treatment-emergent viral variants, defined as variants with single amino acid substitutions at positions that had reduced susceptibility to either bamlanivimab or etesevimab present at an allele fraction of ≥15%.

    • In the Phase 3 portion of BLAZE-1, treatment-emergent variants were observed in 9.0% (42/467) of patients treated with bamlanivimab 2,800 mg and etesevimab 2,800 mg together, in 5.3% (21/394) of patients treated with bamlanivimab 700 mg and etesevimab 1,400 mg together, and in 4.0% (27/674) of patients treated with placebo. The majority of these were only detected at one time point in the sequential series with 0.9% (4/467), 1.0% (4/394), and 0.3% (2/674) of patients having multiple instances of detection in the bamlanivimab 2,800 mg and etesevimab 2,800 mg together, bamlanivimab 700 mg and etesevimab 1,400 mg together, and placebo groups, respectively.
    • In patients treated with bamlanivimab and etesevimab together, substitutions detected in one or more patients included ones with reduced susceptibility (≥5-fold) to bamlanivimab only: L452R/W, E484K, G485V, F490L, and S494P; and ones with reduced susceptibility to etesevimab only: D405G/Y, K417N, D420N/Y, N460H/I/T, A475S/V, Y489H, and N501I/Y. While these variants had reduced susceptibility to either bamlanivimab OR etesevimab compared to wild-type in a pseudotyped VSV VLP or authentic virus assay they still retained susceptibility to the other antibody in the combination.
    • There were also observations of variants with reduced susceptibility (≥5-fold) to both bamlanivimab and etesevimab and to bamlanivimab + etesevimab tested together: E484D (n=1; 145-fold reduction to bamlanivimab + etesevimab tested together at a molar ratio of 1:2), Q493K/R (n=9; 584-fold and 1,054-fold reduction to bamlanivimab + etesevimab tested together at a molar ratio of 1:2 for Q493K and Q493R, respectively) out of a total of 861 patients treated with bamlanivimab and etesevimab together.
    • In a subgroup of participants infected with virus harboring L452R substitution found in the B.1.427/B.1.429 (Epsilon) lineage, a S459P treatment-emergent substitution was identified in one subject. Concurrent L452R+S459P substitutions conferred a 1,656-fold reduction in susceptibility to bamlanivimab + etesevimab together (1:2 molar ratio).
    • Additional treatment-emergent substitutions in patients treated with bamlanivimab and etesevimab together, with no phenotypic data, include D405del, D420G, C480R, G485D, S494L, and P499L. The impact of these substitutions on susceptibility is not currently known.
    • In a subgroup of 53 pediatric subjects who were infected with a B.1.617.2 (Delta)-related variant, which has reduced susceptibility to bamlanivimab (>1,136-fold), the following treatment-emergent substitutions with reduced susceptibility to etesevimab were detected: D420A (n=2), N460T (n=1), N460Y (n=1). Three of these four subjects had high viral load (>5.27 log10) on Day 7.
    • Additional treatment-emergent substitutions with no phenotypic data detected in other pediatric subjects who were infected with a B.1.617.2 (Delta)-related variant at an allele fraction of ≥50% included: F347C, V401L, G431S and I434V.

    It is possible that bamlanivimab and etesevimab resistance-associated variants could have cross-resistance to other mAbs targeting the receptor binding domain of SARS-CoV-2. The clinical impact is not known.

    Immune Response Attenuation

    There is a theoretical risk that antibody administration may attenuate the endogenous immune response to SARS-CoV-2 and make patients more susceptible to re-infection.

  • 16 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

    Carcinogenesis, mutagenesis, and reproductive toxicology studies with bamlanivimab or etesevimab have not been conducted.

    In toxicology studies, bamlanivimab and etesevimab had no adverse effects when administered intravenously to rats and monkeys, respectively. Non-adverse increases in neutrophils were observed in rats dosed with bamlanivimab.

    In tissue cross reactivity studies using human adult and fetal tissues, no binding of clinical concern was detected for bamlanivimab or etesevimab.

  • 17 ANIMAL PHARMACOLOGIC AND EFFICACY DATA

    Antiviral Activity In Vivo

    Prophylactic administration of bamlanivimab to female Rhesus macaques (n=3 or 4 per group) resulted in 1 to 4 log10 decreases in viral genomic RNA and viral replication (sub-genomic RNA) in bronchoalveolar lavage samples relative to control animals, but less of an impact on viral RNA in throat and nasal swabs following SARS-CoV-2 inoculation.

    Prophylactic or therapeutic administration of etesevimab to male Rhesus macaques (n=3 per group) resulted in approximately 4 or 3 log10 average decreases, respectively, in viral genomic RNA in oropharyngeal swabs at Day 4 post infection relative to control animals.

    The applicability of these findings to a prophylaxis or treatment setting is not known.

  • 18 CLINICAL TRIAL RESULTS AND SUPPORTING DATA FOR EUA

    18.1 Treatment of Mild to Moderate COVID-19 (BLAZE-1)

    Adults (≥18 Years) and Pediatric Patients (12 to <18 Years Weighing at Least 40 kg)

    The data supporting this EUA for treatment of mild to moderate COVID-19 are primarily based on analyses of data from the Phase 2/3 BLAZE-1 trial (NCT04427501). This trial provides Phase 3 placebo-controlled clinical efficacy data from subjects receiving 700 mg bamlanivimab and 1,400 mg of etesevimab together, as well as for subjects receiving 2,800 mg bamlanivimab and 2,800 mg etesevimab together.

    BLAZE-1 is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial studying bamlanivimab and etesevimab administered together for the treatment of subjects with mild to moderate COVID-19 (subjects with COVID-19 symptoms who are not hospitalized). BLAZE-1 enrolled adult subjects who were not hospitalized and had at least 1 or more COVID-19 symptoms that were at least mild in severity. Treatment was initiated within 3 days of obtaining the clinical sample for the first positive SARS-CoV-2 viral infection determination. Subjects in the Phase 3 portion of the trial met the criteria for high-risk (as defined in Section 2).

    Phase 3 Data from BLAZE-1 (bamlanivimab 700 mg and etesevimab 1,400 mg)

    In this portion of the trial, subjects were treated with a single infusion of bamlanivimab 700 mg and etesevimab 1,400 mg (N=511) or placebo (N=258). The majority (99.2%) of the patients enrolled in these dose arms met the criteria for high-risk adults (≥18 years of age) that included at least one of the following: age ≥65 years, BMI ≥35, chronic kidney disease, diabetes, immunosuppressive disease, immunosuppressant treatment, or age ≥55 years with cardiovascular disease, hypertension, chronic pulmonary disease or other chronic respiratory disease. Participants ages 12-17 were also enrolled in the trial (10 [2.0%] were treated with bamlanivimab and etesevimab and 13 [1.7%] were treated with placebo), and met high-risk criteria as defined in the trial protocol.

    At baseline, median age was 56 years (with 30% of subjects aged 65 or older); 53% of subjects were female, 87% were White, 27% were Hispanic or Latino, and 8% were Black or African American. Subjects had mild (76%) to moderate (24%) COVID-19; the mean duration of symptoms was 4 days; mean viral load by cycle threshold (CT) was 24.33 at baseline. The baseline demographics and disease characteristics were well balanced across treatment groups.

    The primary endpoint was the proportion of subjects with COVID-19 related hospitalization (defined as ≥24 hours of acute care) or death by any cause by Day 29. Events occurred in 15 subjects treated with placebo (6%) as compared to 4 events in subjects treated with bamlanivimab 700 mg and etesevimab 1,400 mg together (0.8%) [p<0.0001], an 87% reduction. There were 4 deaths in subjects treated with placebo and no deaths in subjects treated with bamlanivimab 700 mg and etesevimab 1,400 mg together (p=0.01).

    Secondary endpoints include mean change in viral load from baseline to Day 3, 5, and 7 (Figure 1).

    Figure 1

    Figure 1: SARS-CoV-2 Viral Load Change from Baseline (Mean ± SE) by Visit from the Phase 3 Portion of BLAZE-1 (700 mg bamlanivimab and 1,400 mg etesevimab).

    The median time to sustained symptom resolution as recorded in a trial specific daily symptom diary was 8 days for subjects treated with bamlanivimab 700 mg and etesevimab 1,400 mg together as compared with 10 days for subjects treated with placebo (p=0.009). Symptoms assessed were cough, shortness of breath, feeling feverish, fatigue, body aches and pains, sore throat, chills, and headache. Sustained symptom resolution was defined as absence of any of these symptoms, except for allowance of mild fatigue and cough, in two consecutive assessments.

    Phase 3 Data from BLAZE-1 (bamlanivimab 2,800 mg and etesevimab 2,800 mg)

    Subjects were treated with a single infusion of bamlanivimab 2,800 mg and etesevimab 2,800 mg (N=518) or placebo (N=517). All of the patients enrolled in these dose arms met the criteria for high-risk adults (≥18 years of age) that included at least one of the following: age ≥65 years of age, BMI ≥35, chronic kidney disease, diabetes, immunosuppressive disease, immunosuppressant treatment, or age ≥55 years with cardiovascular disease, hypertension, chronic pulmonary disease or other chronic respiratory disease. Participants ages 12-17 years were also enrolled in the trial (4 [0.8%] were treated with bamlanivimab and etesevimab and 7 [1.4%] were treated with placebo), and met high-risk criteria as defined in the trial protocol.

    Bamlanivimab 2,800 mg and etesevimab 2,800 mg is not an authorized dosage under this EUA. The baseline demographics and disease characteristics were well balanced across treatment groups.

    The primary endpoint was the proportion of subjects with COVID-19 related hospitalization (defined as ≥24 hours of acute care) or death by any cause by Day 29. Events occurred in 36 subjects treated with placebo (7%) as compared to 11 events in subjects treated with bamlanivimab 2,800 mg and etesevimab 2,800 mg together (2%) [p<0.001], a 70% reduction. There were 10 deaths in subjects treated with placebo and no deaths in subjects treated with bamlanivimab 2,800 mg and etesevimab 2,800 mg together (p<0.001).

    Pediatric Patients <18 Years

    The safety and efficacy of bamlanivimab and etesevimab together was evaluated in a total of 125 pediatric subjects enrolled in the Phase 2/3 BLAZE-1 trial (NCT04427501), in which subjects were treated for mild to moderate COVID-19. Pediatric subjects were not hospitalized, and treatment was initiated within 3 days of obtaining the clinical sample for the first positive SARS-CoV-2 viral infection determination. All pediatric subjects met the criteria for high-risk (as defined in Section 2). Pediatric patients weighing 40 kg or more received the same dose as adults (700 mg bamlanivimab and 1,400 mg etesevimab). Pediatric subjects weighing less than 40 kg received weight-based dosing.

    Of the 125 pediatric subjects, 33 subjects ages 12 to <18 were evaluated in double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase 3 cohorts of BLAZE-1, and 1 subject age 12 to <18 was evaluated in a controlled addendum to BLAZE-1. Of the 33 pediatric subjects, 14 received placebo, 14 received the authorized dose or a higher dose for their age, and 5 received a lower dose than authorized for their age. A total of 91 pediatric subjects were evaluated in an open-label addendum to BLAZE-1, with 40 subjects ages 12 to <18, 36 ages 6 to <12, 10 ages 2 to <6, and 5 ages 0 to <2. The youngest participant in the trial was 10 months of age and weighed 8.6 kg.

    At baseline, median age was 12 years; 46% of subjects were female, 38% were White, 20% were Hispanic or Latino, and 57% were Black or African American. Subjects had mild (88%) to moderate (12%) COVID-19; the mean duration of symptoms was 4 days; mean viral load by cycle threshold (CT) was 5.92 at baseline.

    No pediatric subjects died or required hospitalization due to COVID-19. The change in viral load to Day 7 by dose was: -4.23 for subjects treated with 700 mg bamlanivimab and 1,400 mg etesevimab (n=9) and -4.23 for subjects receiving weight-based dosing with bamlanivimab and etesevimab (n=75).

    The median time to complete symptom resolution as recorded in a trial specific daily symptom diary was 7 days for subjects treated with bamlanivimab 700 mg and etesevimab 1,400 mg (n=10) and 5 days for subjects treated with weight-based dosing of bamlanivimab and etesevimab (n=91). Symptoms assessed were shortness of breath, nasal congestion, fever, chills, sore throat, stomachache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, cough, tiredness, muscle or body aches, headache, new loss of smell, new loss of taste, and poor appetite or poor feeding. Complete symptom resolution was defined as absence of all symptoms at a single timepoint.

    18.2 Post-Exposure Prophylaxis of COVID-19 (BLAZE-2)

    The data supporting this EUA for post-exposure prophylaxis of COVID-19 are based on the final analysis of Part 1 of the Phase 3 trial BLAZE-2 (NCT04497987). The database lock occurred after all enrolled subjects completed Day 57. BLAZE-2 Part 1 is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluating bamlanivimab alone for prevention of COVID-19 in residents and staff of skilled nursing facilities following a confirmed reported case of SARS-CoV-2 infection at the facility. No pediatric participants were enrolled.

    All participants in Part 1 were randomized and treated with a single infusion of bamlanivimab 4,200 mg or placebo. Results of baseline testing for SARS-CoV-2 were not known until after the therapy was administered. Those with a positive baseline SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR test were included in the Treatment Population (N=132) and those with a negative test were included in the Prevention Population (N=966). Individuals in these populations were also required to have a baseline negative SARS-CoV-2 serology test; those who tested positive were only included in the overall safety population.

    Data are presented for the Prevention Population only. No data were collected on the type or extent of exposure to the index case in the Prevention Population.

    In the overall Prevention Population (N=484 for bamlanivimab 4,200 mg and N=482 for placebo) at baseline, the median age was 53 years (with 29% of subjects aged 65 or older); 75% of subjects were female, 89% were White, 5% were Hispanic or Latino, and 8% were Black. The baseline demographics and disease characteristics were well balanced across bamlanivimab and placebo treatment groups.

    The primary endpoint (cases of symptomatic COVID-19 by Day 57) was assessed after all participants in the Prevention Population reached 8 weeks of follow-up, and analysis were adjusted for facility, sex, and role within facility (resident/staff). There were 114 cases of symptomatic COVID-19, with a lower frequency occurring in participants treated with bamlanivimab as compared to placebo (residents and staff; adjusted odds ratio 0.43; p<0.001) reducing the risk of being infected with COVID-19 by up to 57%. As a supplementary analysis, the time to symptomatic COVID-19 is shown for each arm in Figure 2. Four COVID-19-related deaths were reported in the overall Prevention Population; all occurred in the placebo arm (0.8%). No COVID-19-related deaths occurred in the bamlanivimab arm.

    Figure 2

    Figure 2: Time to symptomatic COVID-19 in the overall prevention population (residents and staff).

    For the pre-specified subgroup of nursing home residents, there were 45 cases of symptomatic COVID-19, with a lower frequency in those treated with bamlanivimab versus placebo (adjusted odds ratio 0.20; p<0.001), reducing the risk of being infected with COVID-19 by up to 80%. The time to symptomatic COVID-19 in nursing home residents is shown by treatment arm in Figure 3. In this same cohort of residents within the Prevention Population, 6 deaths due to any cause occurred in residents treated with placebo (4.3%) and 5 deaths due to any cause occurred in residents treated with bamlanivimab (3.1%).

    Figure 3

    Figure 3: Time to symptomatic COVID-19 in residents only.

    For the post-hoc subgroup of patients who met the high risk criteria (all residents and all high risk staff7), there were 75 cases of symptomatic COVID-19, with a lower frequency in those treated with bamlanivimab versus placebo (adjusted odds ratio 0.28; nominal p<0.001), reducing the risk of being infected with COVID-19 by up to 72%.

    For the post-hoc subgroup of staff who did not meet high risk criteria, there were 39 cases of symptomatic COVID-19, with less evidence of a preventative effect for bamlanivimab versus placebo (adjusted odds ratio 0.64; nominal p=0.26).


  • 7 All high risk participants in the Prevention Population were either residents in a skilled nursing or assisted living facility, or staff in a skilled nursing or assisted living facility who satisfied at least 1 of the following at the time of screening: were ≥65 years of age, had a BMI ≥35, had CKD, had diabetes, had immunosuppressive disease, were currently receiving immunosuppressive treatment, OR were ≥55 years of age AND had cardiovascular disease, OR hypertension, OR COPD or other chronic respiratory disease.
  • 19 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

    How Supplied

    UNDER THIS EUA, BAMLANIVIMAB AND ETESEVIMAB MUST BE ADMINISTERED TOGETHER.

    Bamlanivimab

    Bamlanivimab injection is a sterile, preservative-free clear to opalescent and colorless to slightly yellow to slightly brown solution supplied in a vial.

    Etesevimab

    Etesevimab injection is a sterile, preservative-free clear to opalescent and colorless to slightly yellow to slightly brown solution supplied in a vial.

    Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are supplied as:

    AntibodyConcentrationPackage SizeNDC
    Bamlanivimab 700 mg/20 mL (35 mg/mL) one vial
    per carton
    0002-7910-01
    Etesevimab 700 mg/20 mL (35 mg/mL) one vial
    per carton
    0002-7950-01

    Storage and Handling

    Bamlanivimab is preservative-free. Discard unused portion.

    Etesevimab is preservative-free. Discard unused portion.

    Store unopened vials in a refrigerator at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) in the original carton to protect from light.

    FDA has authorized an extension to the shelf-life (i.e., expiration date) of both bamlanivimab and etesevimab following a thorough review of data submitted by Eli Lilly and Company. The extension applies to all unopened vials of bamlanivimab and etesevimab that have been held in accordance with storage conditions. Confirm the shelf-life of unopened vials of bamlanivimab and etesevimab by batch number at the FDA EUA website under the Drug and Biological Therapeutic Products bamlanivimab and etesevimab. This site includes a complete listing of extended expiration dates by batch number. If the batch number on the vial/carton is not included in this listing, the product is labeled with the correct expiration date.

    DO NOT FREEZE, SHAKE, OR EXPOSE TO DIRECT LIGHT.

    The prepared infusion solution is intended to be used immediately. If immediate administration is not possible, store infusion solution in the refrigerator at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) for up to 24 hours and at room temperature (20°C to 25°C [68°F to 77°F]) and for up to 7 hours, including infusion time. If refrigerated, allow the infusion solution to equilibrate to room temperature prior to administration.

  • 20 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

    Patients treated with bamlanivimab and etesevimab should continue to self-isolate and use infection control measures (e.g., wear mask, isolate, social distance, avoid sharing personal items, clean and disinfect “high touch” surfaces, and frequent handwashing) according to CDC guidelines. Also see Fact Sheet for Patients, Parents and Caregivers.

  • 21 CONTACT INFORMATION

    For additional information visit:
    www.LillyAntibody.com

    If you have questions, please contact:
    1-855-LillyC19 (1-855-545-5921)

    Literature revised January 24, 2022

    Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN 46285, USA
    Copyright © 2021, 2022, Eli Lilly and Company. All rights reserved.

    ETE-0009-EUA HCP-20220124

  • PATIENT PACKAGE INSERT

    Fact Sheet for Patients, Parents and Caregivers

    Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) of Bamlanivimab and Etesevimab for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

    You or your child are being given two medicines together called bamlanivimab and etesevimab for the treatment or post-exposure prophylaxis for prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). SARS-CoV-2 is the virus that causes COVID-19. This Fact Sheet contains information to help you understand the potential risks and potential benefits of taking bamlanivimab and etesevimab.

    Receiving bamlanivimab and etesevimab may help to treat COVID-19 in certain people, or help to prevent COVID-19 in certain people who have been exposed to someone infected with SARS-CoV-2 or who are at high risk of an exposure because of being in the same setting, such as nursing homes or prisons.

    Read this Fact Sheet for information about bamlanivimab and etesevimab. Talk to your or your child's healthcare provider if you have questions. It is your choice if you or your child receive bamlanivimab and etesevimab or you may stop them at any time.

    What is COVID-19?

    COVID-19 is caused by a virus called a coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2. People can get COVID-19 through contact with another person who has the virus.

    COVID-19 illnesses have ranged from very mild (including some with no reported symptoms) to severe, including illness resulting in death. While information so far suggests that most COVID-19 illness is mild, serious illness can happen and may cause some of your or your child's other medical conditions to become worse. People of all ages with severe, long-lasting (chronic) medical conditions like heart disease, lung disease, and diabetes, for example, and other conditions including obesity, seem to be at higher risk of being hospitalized for COVID-19. Older age, with or without other conditions, also places people at higher risk of being hospitalized for COVID-19.

    What are the symptoms of COVID-19?

    The symptoms of COVID-19 include fever, cough, and shortness of breath, which may appear 2 to 14 days after exposure. Serious illness including breathing problems can occur and may cause other medical conditions to become worse.

    What are bamlanivimab and etesevimab?

    Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are investigational medicines used together in adults and children who are at high risk for developing severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death for:

    • treatment of mild to moderate symptoms of COVID-19, OR
    • post-exposure prophylaxis for prevention of COVID-19 in persons who are:
      • not fully vaccinated against COVID-19 (Individuals are considered to be fully vaccinated 2 weeks after their second dose in a 2-dose series [such as the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines], or 2 weeks after a single-dose dose vaccine [such as Johnson & Johnson's Janssen vaccine]), or
      • are not expected to build up enough of an immune response to the complete COVID-19 vaccination (for example, someone with immunocompromising conditions, including someone who is taking immunosuppressive medications), and
        • have been exposed to someone who is infected with SARS-CoV-2. Close contact with someone who is infected with SARS-CoV-2 is defined as being within 6 feet for a total of 15 minutes or more, providing care at home to someone who is sick, having direct physical contact with the person (hugging or kissing, for example), sharing eating or drinking utensils, or being exposed to respiratory droplets from an infected person (sneezing or coughing, for example). For additional details, go to https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/if-you-are-sick/quarantine.html, or
        • someone who is at high risk of being exposed to someone who is infected with SARS-CoV-2 because of occurrence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in other individuals in the same institutional setting (for example, nursing homes, prisons).

    Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are investigational because they are still being studied. There is limited information known about the safety or effectiveness of using bamlanivimab and etesevimab to treatment or prevention of COVID-19. Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are not authorized for pre-exposure prophylaxis for prevention of COVID-19.

    The FDA has authorized the emergency use of bamlanivimab and etesevimab together for the treatment of COVID-19 and the post-exposure prophylaxis for prevention of COVID-19 under an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA). For more information on EUA, see the section “What is an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA)?” at the end of this Fact Sheet.

    What should I tell the healthcare provider before I or my child receive bamlanivimab and etesevimab?

    Tell the healthcare provider about all of your or your child's medical conditions, including:

    • Having any allergies
    • Having received a COVID-19 vaccine
    • Having any serious illnesses
    • Are pregnant or plan to become pregnant
    • Are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed
    • Are taking any medications (prescription, over-the-counter, vitamins, and herbal products)

    How are bamlanivimab and etesevimab given?

    • Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are given at the same time through a vein (intravenous or IV).
    • One dose of bamlanivimab and etesevimab will be given by IV infusion. The infusion will take 16 – 60 minutes or longer. Your or your child's healthcare provider will determine the duration of the infusion.

    What are the important possible side effects of bamlanivimab and etesevimab?

    Possible side effects of bamlanivimab and etesevimab are:

    • Allergic reactions. Allergic reactions can happen during and after infusion with bamlanivimab and etesevimab. Tell your or your child's healthcare provider right away if any of the following signs and symptoms of allergic reactions occur: fever, chills, nausea, headache, shortness of breath, low or high blood pressure, rapid or slow heart rate, chest discomfort or pain, weakness, confusion, feeling tired, wheezing, swelling of the lips, face, or throat, rash including hives, itching, muscle aches, feeling faint, dizziness, and sweating. These reactions may be severe or life threatening.
    • Worsening of COVID-19 symptoms after bamlanivimab and etesevimab therapy for active infection: You or your child may experience new or worsening symptoms after infusion for mild to moderate COVID-19, including fever, difficulty breathing, rapid or slow heart rate, tiredness, weakness or confusion. If these occur, contact your or your child's healthcare provider or seek immediate medical attention as some of these events have required hospitalization. It is unknown if these events are related to treatment or are due to the progression of COVID-19.

    The side effects of getting any medicine by vein may include brief pain, bleeding, bruising of the skin, soreness, swelling, and possible infection at the infusion site.

    These are not all the possible side effects of bamlanivimab and etesevimab. Not a lot of people have been given bamlanivimab and etesevimab. Serious and unexpected side effects may happen. Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are still being studied so it is possible that all of the risks are not known at this time.

    It is possible that bamlanivimab and etesevimab could interfere with your or your child's body's own ability to fight off a future infection of SARS-CoV-2. Similarly, bamlanivimab and etesevimab may reduce the body's immune response to a vaccine for SARS-CoV-2. Specific studies have not been conducted to address these possible risks. Talk to your or your child's healthcare provider if you have any questions.

    What other treatment choices are there?

    Like bamlanivimab and etesevimab, FDA may allow for the emergency use of other medicines to treat people with COVID-19. Go to https://www.fda.gov/emergency-preparedness-and-response/mcm-legal-regulatory-and-policy-framework/emergency-use-authorization for information on the emergency use of other medicines that are not approved by FDA to treat people with COVID-19. Your or your child's healthcare provider may talk with you about clinical trials you or your child may be eligible for.

    It is your choice whether you or your child should be treated or not to be treated with bamlanivimab and etesevimab. Should you decide that you or your child should not receive bamlanivimab and etesevimab or stop it at any time, it will not change your or your child's standard medical care.

    What other prevention choices are there?

    Vaccines to prevent COVID-19 are approved or available under Emergency Use Authorization. Use of bamlanivimab and etesevimab does not replace vaccination against COVID-19.

    Like bamlanivimab and etesevimab, FDA may allow for the emergency use of other medicines for post-exposure prophylaxis for prevention of COVID-19. Go to https://www.fda.gov/emergency-preparedness-and-response/mcm-legal-regulatory-and-policy-framework/emergency-use-authorization for information on the emergency use of other medicines that are not approved by FDA for post-exposure prophylaxis for prevention of COVID-19. The healthcare provider may talk with you about clinical trials you or your child may be eligible for.

    Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are not authorized for pre-exposure prophylaxis for prevention of COVID-19.

    What if I am pregnant or breastfeeding?

    There is limited experience treating pregnant women or breastfeeding mothers with bamlanivimab and etesevimab. For a mother and unborn baby, the benefit of receiving bamlanivimab and etesevimab may be greater than the risk from the treatment. If pregnant or breastfeeding, discuss your options and specific situation with your healthcare provider.

    How do I report side effects with bamlanivimab and etesevimab?

    Tell the healthcare provider right away if you or your child have any side effect that bothers you or your child, or does not go away.

    Report side effects to FDA MedWatch at www.fda.gov/medwatch, call 1-800-FDA-1088, or contact Eli Lilly and Company at 1-855-LillyC19 (1-855-545-5921).

    How can I learn more?

    • Ask your or your child's healthcare provider
    • Visit www.LillyAntibody.com
    • Visit https://www.covid19treatmentguidelines.nih.gov/
    • Contact your local or state public health department

    What is an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA)?

    The United States FDA has made bamlanivimab and etesevimab available under an emergency access mechanism called an EUA. The EUA is supported by a Secretary of Health and Human Service (HHS) declaration that circumstances exist to justify the emergency use of drugs and biological products during the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Bamlanivimab and etesevimab have not undergone the same type of review as an FDA-approved product. In issuing an EUA under the COVID-19 public health emergency, the FDA must determine, among other things, that based on the totality of scientific evidence available, it is reasonable to believe that the product may be effective for diagnosing, treating, or preventing COVID-19, or a serious or life-threatening disease or condition caused by COVID-19; that the known and potential benefits of the product, when used to diagnose, treat, or prevent such disease or condition, outweigh the known and potential risks of such product; and that there are no adequate, approved and available alternatives. All of these criteria must be met to allow for the medicine to be used in the treatment of COVID-19 or prevention of COVID-19 during the COVID-19 pandemic.

    The EUA for bamlanivimab and etesevimab together is in effect for the duration of the COVID-19 declaration justifying emergency use of these products, unless terminated or revoked (after which the products may no longer be used).

    Literature revised December 3, 2021

    Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN 46285, USA

    Copyright © 2021, Eli Lilly and Company. All rights reserved.

    ETE-0005-EUA PAT-20211203

  • PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

    PACKAGE LABEL- Bamlanivimab Injection 700 mg/20 mL (35 mg/mL) Vial Carton

    NDC: 0002-7910-01

    bamlanivimab injection

    700 mg/20 mL (35 mg/mL)

    For Intravenous Infusion Only

    Must dilute before use

    Single-Dose Vial: Discard Unused Portion

    For use under Emergency Use Authorization (EUA).

    Lilly

    Bamlanivimab 700mg Carton
  • INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
    BAMLANIVIMAB 
    bamlanivimab injection, solution
    Product Information
    Product TypeHUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUGItem Code (Source)NDC: 0002-7910
    Route of AdministrationINTRAVENOUS
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient NameBasis of StrengthStrength
    Bamlanivimab (UNII: 45I6OFJ8QH) (Bamlanivimab - UNII:45I6OFJ8QH) Bamlanivimab35 mg  in 1 mL
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient NameStrength
    Histidine (UNII: 4QD397987E) 0.35 mg  in 1 mL
    Histidine Monohydrochloride Monohydrate (UNII: X573657P6P) 0.57 mg  in 1 mL
    Sodium Chloride (UNII: 451W47IQ8X) 2.92 mg  in 1 mL
    Sucrose (UNII: C151H8M554) 60 mg  in 1 mL
    Polysorbate 80 (UNII: 6OZP39ZG8H) 0.50 mg  in 1 mL
    Water (UNII: 059QF0KO0R)  
    Packaging
    #Item CodePackage DescriptionMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    1NDC: 0002-7910-011 in 1 CARTON11/09/2020
    120 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-DOSE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    Marketing Information
    Marketing CategoryApplication Number or Monograph CitationMarketing Start DateMarketing End Date
    Emergency Use Authorization11/09/2020
    Labeler - Eli Lilly and Company (006421325)
    Registrant - Eli Lilly and Company (006421325)

  • © 2022 FDA.report
    This site is not affiliated with or endorsed by the FDA.