It is well established that fluoridation of the water supply (1 ppm fluoride) during the period of tooth development leads to a significant decrease in the incidence of dental caries. Hydroxyapatite is the principal crystal for all calcified tissue in the human body. The fluoride ion reacts with the hydroxyapatite in the tooth as it is formed to produce the more caries-resistant crystal, fluorapatite. The reaction may be expressed by the equation:
Three stages of fluoride deposition in tooth enamel can be distinguished: 1. Small amounts (reflecting the low levels of the fluoride in tissue fluids) are incorporated into the enamel crystals while they are being formed. 2. After enamel has been laid down, fluoride deposition continues in the surface enamel. Diffusion of fluoride from the surface inward is apparently restricted. 3. After eruption, the surface enamel acquires fluoride from water, food, supplementary fluoride and smaller amounts from saliva.
Supplementation of the diet with Vitamins A, C, D and Fluoride 0.5 mg Drops also provides fluoride for caries prophylaxis. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that children up to age 16, in areas where drinking water contains less than optimal levels of fluoride, receive daily fluoride supplementation. Vitamins A, C, D and Fluoride 0.5 mg Drops provide fluoride in drop form for infants and young children 6 months to 3 years of age, in areas where the drinking water contains less than 0.3 ppm of fluoride, and for children ages 3-6 years, in areas where the drinking water contains 0.3 through 0.6 ppm of fluoride. Each 1.0 mL supplies sodium fluoride (0.5 mg fluoride) plus three basic vitamins. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that infants and young children 6 months to 3 years of age, in areas where the drinking water contains less than 0.3 ppm of fluoride; and for children ages 3-6 years, in areas where the drinking water contains 0.3 through 0.6 ppm of fluoride, receive 0.25 mg of supplemental fluoride daily which is provided in a half dose (0.5 mL) of Vitamins A, C, D and Fluoride 0.5 mg Drops. A comprehensive 5 ½ year series of studies of the effectiveness of multivitamins and fluoride drops in caries protection has been published. Children in this continuing study lived in an area where the water supply contained only 0.05 ppm fluoride. The subjects were divided into two groups: one which used only the non-fluoride vitamin drops, and the other group used multivitamin-fluoride drops. The three year interim report showed 63% fewer carious surfaces in primary teeth and 43% fewer carious surfaces in permanent teeth of the children taking multivitamin-fluoride products. After four years, the studies continued to support the effectiveness of multivitamin-fluoride products, showing a reduction in carious surfaces of 68% in primary teeth and 46% in permanent teeth. Results at the end of the 5 ½ years further confirmed the previous findings and indicated that significant reductions in dental caries are apparent with the continued use of multivitamin-fluoride products. *These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.